Table of Contents
ISRN Biodiversity
Volume 2014, Article ID 368953, 52 pages
Research Article

Is Cut-Flower Industry Promotion by the Government Negatively Affecting Pollinator Biodiversity and Environmental/Human Health in Uganda?

1Academic Affairs and Research Program, Cinquantenaire University (UNIC/Lwiro), D.S. Bukavu, South-Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo
2Departments of Biology and Environment, National Center for Research in Natural Sciences (CRSN/Lwiro), D.S. Bukavu, South-Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo
3Centre of Research for Health Promotion (CRPS), Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Institute of Higher Education in Medical Techniques (ISTM/Bukavu), P.O. Box 3036, Bukavu, South-Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo
4Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Namasagsali Campus, Busitema University, P.O. Box 236, Tororo, Uganda

Received 27 September 2013; Accepted 30 October 2013; Published 16 March 2014

Academic Editors: I. Bisht, H. Ford, R. Rico-Martinez, and P. K. S. Shin

Copyright © 2014 Bin Mushambanyi Théodore Munyuli. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A study was conducted from 2010 to 2012 around the flower growing areas in central Uganda to generate baseline information on the status of pollinators. Primary data were gathered using a questionnaire that aimed at determining farmers and flower farm officials’ perceptions on the impact of activities carried out inside greenhouses on pollinators, human health, and on crop production in the surroundings. Results indicated that the quantity of pesticides and fertilizers applied daily varied among the different flower farms visited. Bee species richness and abundance varied significantly ( ) according to flower farm location, to the landscape vegetation type, and to field types found in the surrounding of flower farms. Bee richness found around flower farms varied in number from 20 to 40 species in total across seasons and years. Bee density increased significantly with the increase in flower density. Small-scale farmers were aware of the value and importance of pollination services in their farming business. There was no clear evidence of a direct effect of agrochemicals application on bee communities living in the surrounding habitats. There is a need for further research to be conducted on human health risks and for toxicological studies on soils, plants, flowers, and bees in the farm landscape.