Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 403058, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/403058
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice regarding Food, and Waterborne Outbreak after Massive Diarrhea Outbreak in Yazd Province, Iran, Summer 2013

1Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 6446-14155, Iran
2Department of Health in Emergencies & Disasters, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3Center of Disease Control (CDC), Ministry of Health, Tehran, Iran
4Food Microbiology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 6446-14155, Iran

Received 19 June 2014; Accepted 11 September 2014; Published 30 October 2014

Academic Editor: Barbara Polivka

Copyright © 2014 Zahra Cheraghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. This Study was conducted after a diarrhea outbreak that occurred in Yazd Province, Iran. The aim of the study was to compare knowledge, attitude, practice, and other risk factors of the affected communities regarding diarrhea outbreak (the cities of Zarch, Meybod, and Ardakan) to nonaffected communities (the cities of Yazd and Taft). Methods. A knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey study was conducted from August to September 2013 enrolling 505 subjects who were referred to health centers anonymously during the epidemic. The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics such as gender, education level, source of health information obtaining; (b) 12 questions on knowledge (Min = 0, Max = 36); (c) 10 questions on attitude (Min = 0, Max = 50); and (d) nine questions on practice (Min = 0, Max = 27). Results. The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude, and practice was 28.17 (SD = 4.58), 37.07 (SD = 4.39), and 21.31 (SD = 3.81), respectively. Practice on food- and waterborne outbreaks was significantly higher in females and in nonaffected communities . Conclusions. Nonaffected communities had a considerably better practice score. With the increase in the score of knowledge about food- and waterborne outbreaks, the score of practice increased slightly.