Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 417042, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/417042
Clinical Study

Obstetric Scar Endometriosis: Retrospective Study on 19 Cases and Review of the Literature

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey
2IMC Private Hospital, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mersin, Turkey
3School of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey

Received 25 April 2014; Revised 1 July 2014; Accepted 2 July 2014; Published 18 September 2014

Academic Editor: Emanuele Cigna

Copyright © 2014 Mustafa Kaplanoglu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. This disease is one of the most common gynecologic disorders in reproductive age women. It generally occurs in pelvic cavity. But extrapelvic location has been defined (such as extremities, central nervous system, lungs, pleurae, liver, umbilicus, pericardium, urinary tract, intestines, and surgical scar tissue). Scar endometriosis is a rare disease and defined as presence of endometriotic lesions on the abdominal (such as cesarean section and hysterectomy) or vaginal (episiotomy) excision line. It is difficult to diagnose due to the extreme variability in presentation. The symptoms are nonspecific, typically involving pain, swelling at the incision site at the time of menstruation. Excision and histopathologic examination are necessary for diagnosis. We present a case series of obstetric scar endometriosis and review of the literature.