Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 429692, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/429692
Research Article

Knowledge and Attitude of Faculty Members Working in Dental Institutions towards the Dental Treatment of Patients with HIV/AIDS

1Public Health Dentistry Department, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3Department of Dentistry, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India
4Hamdard University, New Delhi, India
5Public Health Dentistry Department, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, BS Zafar Marg, New Delhi, India
6Public Health Dentistry Department, Sudha Rustagi Dental College, Faridabad, India
7Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University, Rohtak, India
8Oberoi Dental Clinic and Orthodontic Centre, Tagore Garden, New Delhi, India

Received 25 May 2014; Revised 8 August 2014; Accepted 13 August 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Salaam Semaan

Copyright © 2014 Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Dentists have an ethical responsibility to provide treatment to HIV-infected patients, particularly because oral lesions are common among these patients. However, there are no official guidelines as to how to treat people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWHA) or how to screen for potentially infectious people. Materials and Method. A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire based study which assessed the knowledge and attitude of the faculty members towards the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS was carried out in the Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences, Faridabad, and Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi. Results. The willingness to treat patients with HIV was found to be 86.0% among the faculty members in the present study. The majority (79%) of the faculty members thought that treating an HIV-positive patient is ethical responsibility of the dentist. There was a positive attitude (88.0%) among faculty members that routine dental care should be a part of the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS. Conclusion. The level of knowledge regarding HIV and AIDS was acceptable in the present study. However, continuing dental education (CDE) programmes should be conducted on a regular basis for updating the knowledge level of the faculty members towards the dental treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS patients.