Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 453085, 7 pages
Research Article

Detection and Assay of Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin) in Alkaline Borate Buffer with UV/Visible Spectrophotometry

Durham Science Center, Chemistry Department, University of Nebraska, 6001 Dodge Street, Omaha, NE 68182, USA

Received 27 March 2014; Revised 9 May 2014; Accepted 26 May 2014; Published 2 September 2014

Academic Editor: Josep Esteve-Romero

Copyright © 2014 Ronald Bartzatt and Tasloach Wol. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The detection and assay of vitamin B-2 (riboflavin) was accomplished under aqueous conditions using sodium borate buffering at pH 7.52 conditions. The absorbance spectrum of riboflavin was determined at different pH values utilizing several buffers. The buffer at pH at 7.52 is followed by accurate and sensitive assay of riboflavin by spectrophotometer at 440 nm wavelength. Where indicated an origin solution (stock) was employed by dissolving sufficient vitamin to make a stock solution of molar concentrations. Measurements of various aqueous solutions containing riboflavin were accomplished that included aqueous test samples, vitamin capsules/tablets, and water vitamin mixtures. A standard curve extended from molar to molar (a 154 folds spread in concentration). The equation of the line was = 12545 (intercept at origin) with Pearson correlation of 1.000 (). Concentration of riboflavin assayed ranged from gram per liter (0.30 ppm) to 0.0463 gram per liter (46.35 ppm). The B vitamin riboflavin can be assayed by UV/VIS spectrophotometer at 440 nm in aqueous media and using sodium borate buffer at pH 7.52. The assay can reach as low as 0.30 parts per million with high levels of accuracy and sensitivity.