Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 474176, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/474176
Research Article

Do Glazed Ceramic Pots in a Mexico-US Border City Still Contain Lead?

1School of Medicine and Psychology, Autonomous University of Baja California, 14418 Calzada Tecnologico, 22390 Tijuana, BCN, Mexico
2MSN/FNP Program, United States University, 830 Bay Boulevard, Chula Vista, CA 91911, USA
3School of Public Health, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, USA

Received 7 June 2014; Accepted 26 August 2014; Published 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Willie Peijnenburg

Copyright © 2014 Ana M. Valles-Medina et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In order to identify the presence of lead in glazed ceramic pots in a Mexico-US border city, 41 clay pots were sampled. The pots were purchased in several establishments located in different geographical areas of the city. The presence of lead was determined using LeadCheck Swabs. Most (58.5%) of the pots were from the State of Jalisco and 24.4% were of unknown origin. Only 4 pots did not contain varnish and were lead-negative. Thirty-seven (81.1%) of the glazed pots were lead positive. Among the lead-negative pots, 4 showed the label “this pot is lead-free.” Thus, if we consider the remaining 33 glazed pots without the “Lead-Free” label, 90.9% were lead-positive and only 9.1% were lead-negative. We also found that earthenware glazed utensils without the “Lead-Free” label were 1.6 times more likely to contain lead (OR: 1.6, 95% CI 1.0–2.5), . We concluded that lead was detected in almost all acquired food containers. Government interventions in Mexico have focused on training manufacturers to make lead-free glazed ceramics but it has been difficult to eradicate this practice. Educational interventions to make and acquire lead-free glazed ceramics should be targeted to both sellers and buyers.