Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 517259, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/517259
Research Article

Occupational and Personal Determinants of Musculoskeletal Disorders among Urban Taxi Drivers in Ghana

1School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
2Faculty of Applied Science and Technology, Koforidua Polytechnic, Koforidua, Ghana

Received 13 March 2014; Revised 17 May 2014; Accepted 9 June 2014; Published 14 August 2014

Academic Editor: Karen Søgaard

Copyright © 2014 J. K. Abledu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. There is a lack of epidemiological data on musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among occupational drivers in Ghana. The present study seeks to estimate the prevalence, body distribution, and occupational and personal determinants of MSDs in a sample of taxi drivers in the Accra Metropolis of Ghana. Methods. A total of 210 participants were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. All the participants were evaluated by using a semistructured questionnaire and the standardized Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorder Questionnaire. Results. The estimated prevalence of MSDs was 70.5%. The prevalence of the various MSD domains was as follows: lower back pain (34.3%), upper back pain (16.7%), neck pain (15.2%), shoulder pain (11.0%), knee pain (10.0%), hip/thigh pain (2.9%), elbow pain (4.8%), ankle/feet pain (2.4%), and wrist/hand pain (1.9%). Multiple logistic regression analysis of the data showed that participants who were employee drivers, drove taxi more than 12 hours per day or at least 5 days per week, perceived their job as stressful, and were dissatisfied with their job were at a greater risk of developing MSDs. Conclusions. These findings call for preventive strategies and safety guidelines in order to reduce the incidence of MSDs among urban taxi drivers in Ghana.