Table of Contents
ISRN Ophthalmology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 574054, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/574054
Research Article

Optic Disc Hemorrhage after Phacoemulsification in Patients with Glaucoma

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Washington, Box 359608, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104-2499, USA

Received 30 December 2013; Accepted 27 January 2014; Published 5 March 2014

Academic Editors: B. V. Bui, L. Racette, and I.-J. Wang

Copyright © 2014 Karine D. Bojikian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Optic disk hemorrhage is known to be a risk factor for glaucoma progression. Cataract surgery by phacoemulsification results in large intraocular pressure fluctuations. We aim to investigate whether phacoemulsification is associated with optic disc hemorrhage in patients with glaucoma. Methods. This is a retrospective review of consecutive university clinic based glaucoma patients undergoing phacoemulsification alone, with at least 3 visits in the year before and at least 5 visits in the year following phacoemulsification. The presence of optic disk hemorrhage was evaluated with slit lamp biomicroscopy at each clinic visit prior to and following phacoemulsification. Results. We evaluated 158 eyes of 158 subjects; 15 (9.5%) had ODH noted at least once during the 2-year study period. Four eyes had ODH identified on postoperative day 1, for a cross-sectional prevalence of 2.5%. Fourteen ODH episodes were noted preoperatively versus 12 episodes postoperatively ( ). Aspirin use was associated with ODH ( ). Conclusions. Our cross-sectional study found a prevalence of ODH immediately after CE that was similar to other published rates, and our longitudinal study did not find an increase in ODH in the year after phacoemulsification when compared to the year prior to surgery.