Table of Contents
ISRN Family Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 631732, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/631732
Research Article

Home Care Learning Model for Medical Students in Chile: A Mixed Methods Study

Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4686, Macul, Santiago, Chile

Received 15 November 2013; Accepted 11 December 2013; Published 16 January 2014

Academic Editors: S. Byford, P. Pluye, and A. Vellinga

Copyright © 2014 Diego Garcia-Huidobro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The relevance of home care training is not questioned. However, there are no reported learning models to teach in this setting. Aims. To develop and evaluate a learning model to teach home care to medical students. Methods. Stage 1: Learning Model Design. Tutors teaching home care and a sample of medical students were invited to focus groups analyzed according to the grounded theory. Later, the researchers designed the learning model, which was approved by all participants. Stage 2: Learning Assessment. All students in their family medicine internship at Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile were invited to participate in a nonrandomized before-and-after pilot trial, assessing changes in their perception towards home care and satisfaction with the learning model. Results. Stage 1: Six tutors and eight students participated in the focus groups. The learning model includes activities before, during, and after the visits. Stage 2: 105 students (88.2%) participated. We observed improvement in all home care training domains ( ) and a high satisfaction with the model. Students with previous home visit experiences and who participated with nurses and social workers reported more learning. Conclusions. We report an effective learning model to train medical students in home care. Limitations and recommendations for future studies are discussed.