Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 634723, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/634723
Review Article

A Phytopharmacological Review on a Medicinal Plant: Juniperus communis

1Department of Pharmacology, Rayat Institute of Pharmacy, Vpo Railmajra, Nawanshahr District, Punjab 144533, India
2Rayat Institute of Pharmacy, Vpo Railmajra, Nawanshahr District, Punjab 144533, India

Received 10 June 2014; Revised 28 September 2014; Accepted 15 October 2014; Published 11 November 2014

Academic Editor: Ronaldo F. do Nascimento

Copyright © 2014 Souravh Bais et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Juniperus communis is a shrub or small evergreen tree, native to Europe, South Asia, and North America, and belongs to family Cupressaceae. It has been widely used as herbal medicine from ancient time. Traditionally the plant is being potentially used as antidiarrhoeal, anti-inflammatory, astringent, and antiseptic and in the treatment of various abdominal disorders. The main chemical constituents, which were reported in J. communis L. are α-pinene, β-pinene, apigenin, sabinene, β-sitosterol, campesterol, limonene, cupressuflavone, and many others. This review includes the last 20 years journals and various books update on this plant, representing its pharmacological activity and health benefits against various diseases.