Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 721951, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/721951
Research Article

Variation in the Prevalence of Domestic Violence between Neighboring Areas

Health Research Institute, Diabetes Research Centre, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Received 24 November 2013; Accepted 6 February 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editors: M. Innamorati and R. J. Zagar

Copyright © 2014 Sedigheh Nouhjah and Seyed Mahmood Latifi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Domestic violence against women is an important health issue, but few studies have focused on city of residence and ethnic differences. To estimate the prevalence of various forms of domestic violence and certain related factors, with a specific focus on city of residence and ethnicity, we studied 1820 married women attending public health centers in 4 large cities in Khuzestan Province, southwestern Islamic Republic of Iran. We used an interviewer-administered questionnaire for data collection. The prevalence of some forms of lifetime domestic violence against women was 47.3%. The prevalence of physical, psychological, and any form of lifetime violence was the highest in Dezful (25.7%, 54.8%, and 57.7%, resp.). For sexual violence, the highest prevalence was reported in Ahvaz (17.7%). The highest prevalence of physical and sexual violence during any point of life was reported by Arab women (25.1% and 16.7%). The experience of all forms of violence was significantly associated with city of residence. Results of regression logistic analysis revealed that all of the forms of violence except psychological violence were statistically significantly associated with ethnicity ( ).