Table of Contents
ISRN Orthopedics
Volume 2014, Article ID 726103, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/726103
Review Article

Brachial Plexus Injuries in Adults: Evaluation and Diagnostic Approach

1First Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Athens University Medical School, Attikon University General Hospital, Chaidari, 124 62 Athens, Greece
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, General Hospital of Levadia, 32100, Levadia, Greece

Received 7 October 2013; Accepted 6 November 2013; Published 9 February 2014

Academic Editors: P. V. Kumar and M. M. Tomaino

Copyright © 2014 Vasileios I. Sakellariou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The increased incidence of motor vehicle accidents during the past century has been associated with a significant increase in brachial plexus injuries. New imaging studies are currently available for the evaluation of brachial plexus injuries. Myelography, CT myelography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are indicated in the evaluation of brachial plexus. Moreover, a series of specialized electrodiagnostic and nerve conduction studies in association with the clinical findings during the neurologic examination can provide information regarding the location of the lesion, the severity of trauma, and expected clinical outcome. Improvements in diagnostic approaches and microsurgical techniques have dramatically changed the prognosis and functional outcome of these types of injuries.