Table of Contents
ISRN Family Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 743791, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/743791
Research Article

Self-Care Practices among Diabetic Patients in Anand District of Gujarat

Department of Community Medicine, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat 388325, India

Received 22 November 2013; Accepted 26 December 2013; Published 11 February 2014

Academic Editors: E. Brunner and N. Sulaiman

Copyright © 2014 Shyamsundar Jagdish Raithatha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Diabetes care requires a multipronged approach, wherein the patient has an important role to play. This study was undertaken to explore self-care practices of diabetic patients residing in Anand district of Gujarat. Methods. A cross-sectional study, involving 100 diabetic patients, was conducted in 2009-2010. Self-care practices in seven domains of physical activity, dietary practices, medication taking, monitoring of glucose, problem solving, foot care, and psychosocial adjustment were assessed using scores assigned to participants’ responses. Results. The mean age was 60.9 ( ) years and 57% were males. Majority (92%) were Hindus and were consulting private medical practitioners (71%). “Medication taking” was the domain with the best performance score (88.1%) and “problem solving” the worst (11.0%). The “psychosocial adjustment” of the participants was satisfactory (82.5%). Overall mean performance percentage score was 54.41%. Males had better performance scores as compared to females in areas of “physical activity,” “dietary practices,” and “problem solving.” Housewives had poorer performance scores. Total mean performance score was similar for patients on treatment from specialists and general practitioners. Conclusion. A self-care education program designed for this region should address the lacunae identified in various domains with a special emphasis on females.