Table of Contents
ISRN Geology
Volume 2014, Article ID 798706, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/798706
Research Article

Geodynamic Framework of Saline Systems in Eastern Tunisia: Saline Depressions Inherited from the Triassic Intrusions and/or the Messinian Salinity Crisis

1National Engineering School of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
2RU: Sedimentary Dynamics and Environment (DSE) (Code 03/UR/10-03), National Engineering School of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
3Laboratory of Water Energy and Environment, National Engineering School of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
4Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, University of Sfax, Road of Soukra, km 4, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
5Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Monastir, Tahar Haddad Avenue, University of Monastir, Road Salem Bechir, BP n56, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia

Received 12 October 2013; Accepted 24 December 2013; Published 24 April 2014

Academic Editors: A. Förster and T. N. Singh

Copyright © 2014 Elhoucine Essefi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Amari and M. Bedir, “Les bassins quaternaires du sahel central de la Tunisie. Genèse et évolution des sebkhas en contexte décrochant compressif et distensif,” Géodynamqiue, vol. 4, no. l, pp. 49–65, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Bedir, Gedynamics of the sedimentary bassin of the Sahel of Mahdia (eastern Tunisia) from the Aptian to the present: sismo-stratigraphy, sismo-tectonic and structural [Ph.D. thesis], University of El Manar Tunis, El Manar, Tunisia, 1989.
  3. S. Khomsi, M. Bédir, and M. G. Ben Jemia, “Mise en évidence d’un nouveau front de chevauchement dans l’Atlas tunisien oriental de Tunisie par sismique réflexion. Contexte structural régional et rôle du Trias salifère,” Comptes Rendus Geoscience, vol. 336, pp. 1401–1408, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  4. S. Khomsi, M. Bédir, M. Soussi, M. G. Ben Jemia, and K. Ben Ismail-Lattrache, “Mise en évidence en subsurface d’événements compressifs Eocène moyen-supérieur en Tunisie orientale (Sahel): généralité de la phase atlasique en Afrique du Nord,” Comptes Rendus Geoscience, vol. 338, pp. 41–49, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  5. H. Gabtni, “Apport de la gravimétrie à l’étude des structures profondes du Sahel de Tunisie (cas de la région de Kairouan-Sousse-Monastir),” Comptes Rendus Geoscience, vol. 337, no. 16, pp. 1409–1414, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  6. R. Ghribi, Morpho-structural study and evolution of paleo-fields of constraints of the Tunisian Sahel: geodynamic implcations [Ph.D. thesis], Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia, 2010.
  7. T. Zouaghi, M. Bédir, F. Melki et al., “Neogene sediment deformations and tectonic features of northeastern Tunisia: evidence for paleoseismicity,” Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol. 4, no. 7-8, pp. 1301–1314, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. Essefi, Multidisciplinary study of Sidi El Hani Saline environment: the history and the climatic variability [M.S. thesis], Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia, 2009.
  9. E. Essefi, J. Touir, M. A. Tagorti et al., “Modeling of the chaotic behavior of Sidi El Hani discharge playa, Tunisian Sahel: which exogenous factor commands this saline environment? The subsurface flow or variability?” in Proceedings of the International Congress Geotunis, 2009.
  10. E. Essefi, J. Touir, M. A. Tagorti, and C. Yaich, “Effect of the groundwater contribution, the climatic change, and the human induced activities on the hydrological behavior of discharge playas: a case study Sidi El Hani discharge playa, Tunisian Sahel,” Arabian Journal of Geoscience, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 3997–4009, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. M. A. Tagorti, E. Essefi, J. Touir, R. Guellala, and C. Yaich, “Geochemical controls of groundwaters upwelling in saline environments: case study the discharge playa of Sidi El Hani (Sahel, Tunisia),” Journal of African Earth Sciences, vol. 86, pp. 1–9, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. L. Chihi and H. Philip, “Le bloc atlasopélagien: place et évolution géodynamique dans le contexte subduction-collision de la Méditerranée centrale (Afrique du nord-Sicile) du miocène au quaternaire,” Notes du Service Géologique de Tunisie, vol. 65, pp. 49–61, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  13. E. Essefi, G. Komatsu, A. G. Fairén, M. A. Chan, and C. Yaich, “Groundwater influence on the aeolian sequence stratigraphy of the Mechertate-Chrita-Sidi El Hani system, Tunisian Sahel: analogies to the wet-dry aeolian sequence stratigraphy at Meridiani Planum, Terby crater, and Gale crater, Mars,” Planetary and Space Science, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. E. Essefi, M. A. Tagorti, J. Touir, and C. Yaich, “Hydrocarbons migration through groundwater convergence toward saline depressions: a case study, Sidi El Hani discharge playa, Tunisian Sahel,” ISRN Environmental Chemistry, vol. 2013, Article ID 709190, 14 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. P. Haller, Structure profonde du Sahel tunisien: interprétation géodynamique [Ph.D. thesis], La Faculté des Sciences et Technologies, Université de Franche-Comté, Paris, France, 1983.
  16. H. Ben Jmaa, The endorheic system of Sidi El Hani, Chrita and Mechertate: paleoenvironment and recent dynamics [Ph.D. thesis], University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia, 2008.
  17. E. Essefi, M. A. Tagorti, and J. Touir, “Sensitivity of Sidi El Hani discharge playa to groundwater and climatic variability,” in Proceedings of the 22nd Colloquium of African Geology, Hammamet, Tunisia, 2008.
  18. E. Essefi, G. Komatsu, A. G. Fairén, H. Ben Jmaa, F. Rekhiss, and C. Yaich, “Spring mounds at Sidi El Hani saline environment, eastern Tunisia: terrestrial analog for Mars,” in Proceedings of the 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, Tex, USA, 2012.
  19. E. Essefi, A. G. Fairén, G. Komatsu, F. Rekhiss, and C. Yaich, “Study of cores from a spring mound at the Mars analog of Boujmal, eastern Tunisia: coring martian spring mounds as potential efficient tool for a geologic exploration of early Mars,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Early Mars, Lake Tahoe, Nev, USA, 2012.
  20. E. Essefi, G. Komatsu, A. G. Fairén, M. A. Chan, and C. Yaich, “Alignment of fault spring mounds at El-Guetiate, Southeast Tunisia: terrestrial analogue implications for martian tectonics,” in Proceedings of the 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, Tex, USA, 2013.
  21. E. Essefi, Wet aeolian sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy within the terrestrial analogues of Mechertate-Chrita-Sidi El Hani and Boujmal, eastern Tunisia: implications for wet aeolian sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy on Mars [Ph.D. thesis], National Engineering School of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia, 2013.
  22. M. Bedir, “Tectonic and basin structuring of eastern Tunisia seismogenic sites,” 2010, http://www.docstoc.com.
  23. R. Ghribi, A. Sghari, and S. Bouaziz, “Tectonic evolution of the oriental Tunisian platform from miocene to quaternary,” in Proceedings of the 22nd Colloquium of African Geology, Hammamet, Tunisia, 2008.
  24. W. F. Ryan, K. J. Hsü, M. B. Cita et al., Leg 13. Initial Reports of The Deep Sea Drilling Project, vol. 13, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, USA, 1973.
  25. K. J. Hsü, M. B. Cita, and W. B. F. Ryan, “The origin of the Mediterranean evaporites,” in Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, W. B. F. Ryan and K. J. Hsü, Eds., vol. 13, pp. 1203–1231, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, USA, 1973. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Duggen, K. Hoernie, P. van den Bogaard, L. Rüpke, and J. P. Morgan, “Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis,” Nature, vol. 422, no. 6932, pp. 602–606, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J.-J. Cornée, J.-P. S. Martin, G. Conesa et al., “Correlations and sequence stratigraphic model for Messinian carbonate platforms of the western and central Mediterranean,” International Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 621–633, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. Krijgsman, F. J. Hilgen, I. Raffi, F. J. Sierro, and D. S. Wilson, “Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis,” Nature, vol. 400, no. 6745, pp. 652–655, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Guennoc, C. Gorini, and A. Mauffret, “Histoire géologique du Golfe du Lion et cartographie du rift oligo-aquitanien et de la surface messinienne,” Géologie de la France, vol. 3, pp. 67–97, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  30. A. Sghari and J. L. Mercier, “Le Messinien de la formation “Ségui” du Sahel Tunisien un équivalent des ‘Gilbert deltas’,” in Proceedings of the 22nd Colloquium of African Geology, Hammamet, Tunisia, 2008.
  31. N. El-Euch-El-Kondi, S. Ferry, J. P. Suc, G. Clauzon, and F. Zargouni, “La crise messénienne en Tunisie du nord: réinterprétation des données de Sicile,” Communication orale, 2008.
  32. N. Bahrouni, S. Bouaziz, A. Soumaya et al., “Neotectonic and seismotectonic investigation of seismically active regions in Tunisia: a multidisciplinary approach,” Journal of Seismology, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 235–256, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  33. Y. Kamoun, Etude néotectonique dans la région deMonastir-Mahdia (Tunisie orientale) [Ph.D. thesis], Université d’Orsay, Paris, France, 1981.
  34. M. Gueddiche, Analysis of sismicity in Tunisia, seismic, seismo-tectonic and neotectonic study of septentrional Tunisia [Ph.D. thesis], Paris University, Paris, France, 1992.
  35. M. Dlala and S. Rebaï, “Relation compression-extension Miocène supérieur à quaternaire en Tunisie: implication sismotectonique,” Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, vol. 319, no. 8, pp. 945–950, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  36. L. Chihi, N. Gaaloul, and S. Razgallah, “Paleoseismic events in Eastern Tunisia (Cap Bon, Sahel): seismites associated with Miocene-Pliocene and quaternary sediments,” Africa Geoscience Review, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 307–314, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  37. M. A. Tagorti, Rapport d’Étude Bibliographique sur le Secteur de la Sebkha de Sidi El Hani, Annales des Mines et de la Géologie, Tunis, Tunisia, 1995.
  38. L. Marquer, S. Pomel, A. Abichou, E. Schulz, D. Kaniewski, and E. van Campo, “Late Holocene high resolution palaeoclimatic reconstruction inferred from Sebkha Mhabeul, southeast Tunisia,” Quaternary Research, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 240–250, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. Essefi, G. Komatsu, A. G. Fairén, F. Rekhiss, and C. Yaich, “Identification of tephra layers in spring mounds at the terrestrial analog of Boujmal, eastern Tunisia: repercussions and limits of tephrostratigraphy application on martian stratigraphy and paleoclimatology,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Early Mars, Lake Tahoe, Nev, USA, 2012.
  40. S. Ferhi, E. Essefi, R. Barbieri, and C. Yaich, “Study of the terrestrial analogue of Chott El Gharsa, southwestern Tunisia: implications for martian study,” The 5th Tunisian Days of Applied Geology, 2013.
  41. N. Ben Ayed and F. Zargouni, Carte Sismotectonique de la Tunisie a l’échelle 1/1000 000, Fondation Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique, 1990.