Table of Contents
ISRN Hematology
Volume 2014, Article ID 853435, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/853435
Research Article

Pretransplant Comorbidities Maintain Their Impact on Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation Outcome 5 Years Posttransplant: A Retrospective Study in a Single German Institution

BMT Program, Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Cologne, Kerpener Straße 62, 50924 Köln, Germany

Received 8 January 2014; Accepted 4 February 2014; Published 5 March 2014

Academic Editors: T. Caravita and J. M. Moraleda

Copyright © 2014 Jens M. Chemnitz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The introduction of reduced-intensity conditioning regimens has allowed elderly patients with preexisting comorbidities access to the potentially curative allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Patient’s comorbidities at the time of treatment consideration play a significant role in transplant outcome in terms of both overall survival (OS) and nonrelapse mortality (NRM). The hematopoietic stem cell transplantation comorbidity index (HCT-CI) quantifies these patient specific risks and has established itself as a major tool in the pretransplant assessment of patients. Many single center and multicenter studies have assessed the HCT-CI score and reported conflicting outcomes. The present study aimed to evaluate the HCT-CI in a single large European transplant centre. 245 patients were retrospectively analyzed and the predictive value of the score was assessed with respect to OS and NRM. We confirm that the HCT-CI predicts outcome for both OS and NRM. Moreover, we identified age of the patient as an independent prognostic parameter for OS. Incorporation of age in the HCT-CI would improve its ability to prognosticate and allow the transplant physician to assess the patient specific risks appropriately at the time of counseling for transplant.