Table of Contents
ISRN Endocrinology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 864897, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/864897
Clinical Study

Effect of Aerobic Training on Glucose Control and Blood Pressure in T2DDM East African Males

1Exercise and Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
2Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Universidade Pedagógica, 1100 Maputo, Mozambique
3Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, 1100 Maputo, Mozambique
4Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
5Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

Received 5 November 2013; Accepted 20 January 2014; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editors: Z. Canturk, R. P. Hoffman, M. Karadeniz, and Y. Nishida

Copyright © 2014 Huimin Yan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Exercise training intervention is underused in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in East Africa. Methods. 41 physically-active males with type 2 diabetes mellitus living in Mozambique were recruited and randomly assigned to 12 weeks of supervised exercise of low intensity exercise (LEX), vigorous intensity exercise (VEX), or to a control group (CON). Since there were no differences for any outcome variables between the exercise groups, VEX and LEX were combined into one exercise group (EX). Results. Age and baseline body weight were similar between EX and CON. Plasma glucose at 120 min following glucose load (Glu 120) was significantly reduced in the EX group after training (Glu 120 : 17.3 mmol/L to 15.0 mmol/L, ), whereas Glu 120 remained unchanged in the CON (Glu 120 : 16.6 mmol/L to 18.7 mmol/L). After controlling for baseline blood pressure (BP), posttraining systolic BP and diastolic BP were lower in the EX group than in the CON group (EX: 129/77 mm Hg, CON: 152/83 mm Hg, ). Conclusion. Adding exercise to already active African men with type 2 diabetes improved glucose control and BP levels without concomitant changes in weight.