Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 869153, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/869153
Review Article

Nocardia mikamii a Novel Species Causing Disseminated Nocardiosis: A Literature Review of Disseminated Nocardiosis

1Department of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73117, USA
2Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 74200, Pakistan
3University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

Received 1 June 2014; Accepted 10 July 2014; Published 16 October 2014

Academic Editor: José A. Oteo

Copyright © 2014 Muhammad Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nocardia is an uncommon Gram-positive organism. It typically appears as delicate filamentous Gram-positive branching rods. In the United States it was estimated to be approximately 500 to 1000 new cases per year. The organism causes disease in immunocompromised individuals with pulmonary infection representing the most common site of infection. Nocardia mikamii has been a recently isolated pathogen and not many cases of disseminated infection with this organism has been reported in the literature; we present a case of disseminated nocardiosis (mikamii sp.) in an immunocompromised patient. We also present a literature review on nocardiosis.