Table of Contents
ISRN Thermodynamics
Volume 2014, Article ID 929676, 10 pages
Research Article

Thermodynamic Analysis of Ethanol Dry Reforming: Effect of Combined Parameters

Chemical Engineering & Process Development Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, India

Received 17 October 2013; Accepted 5 December 2013; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editors: D. Bratko and I. Kim

Copyright © 2014 Ganesh R. Kale and Tejas M. Gaikwad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The prospect of ethanol dry reforming process to utilize CO2 for conversion to hydrogen, syngas, and carbon nanofilaments using abundantly available biofuel—ethanol, and widely available environmental pollutant CO2 is very enthusiastic. A thermodynamic analysis of ethanol CO2 reforming process is done using Gibbs free energy minimization methodology within the temperature range 300–900°C, 1–10 bar pressure, and CO2 to carbon (in ethanol) ratio (CCER) 1–5. The effect of individual as well as combined effect of process parameters such as temperature, pressure, and CCER was determined on the product distribution. Optimum process conditions for maximising desired products and minimizing undesired products for applications such as gas to liquids (GTL) via fischer tropsch synthesis, syngas generation for Solid oxide fuel cells, and carbon nanofilament manufacture were found in this study.