Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014, Article ID 938543, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/938543
Review Article

Pharmacological and Ethnomedicinal Overview of Heritiera fomes: Future Prospects

1Pharmacy Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
2Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1PD, UK
3Department of Pharmacy, University of Development Alternative, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 1209, Bangladesh
4Department of Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering, University of Development Alternative, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 1209, Bangladesh

Received 14 April 2014; Revised 25 May 2014; Accepted 27 May 2014; Published 22 July 2014

Academic Editor: Magdalena Labieniec-Watala

Copyright © 2014 Imran Mahmud et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mangrove plants are specialized woody plants growing in the swamps of tidal-coastal areas and river deltas of tropical and subtropical parts of the world. They have been utilized for medicinal and other purposes by the coastal people over the years. Heritiera fomes Buch. Ham. (family: Sterculiaceae) commonly known as Sundari (Bengali) is a preeminent mangrove plant occurring in the Sundarbans forest located in the southern part of Bangladesh and adjoining West Bengal province of India. The plant has applications in traditional folk medicine as evidenced by its extensive use for treating diabetes, hepatic disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, goiter, and skin diseases by the local people and traditional health practitioners. A number of investigations indicated that the plant possesses significant antioxidant, antinociceptive, antihyperglycemic, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. Phytochemical analyses have revealed the presence of important chemical constituents like saponins, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, steroids, flavonoids, gums, phytosterols, and reducing sugars. The present study is aimed at compiling information on phytochemical, biological, pharmacological, and ethnobotanical properties of this important medicinal plant, with a view to critically assess the legitimacy of the use of this plant in the aforementioned disorders as well as providing directions for further research.