Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 975875, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/975875
Research Article

Medical and Nursing Students Perceived Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices concerning Human Immunodeficiency Virus

1School of Public Health and Social Work, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4059, Australia
2School of Medicine, CMNHS, Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji
3The Albion Centre, Directorate of Planning and Population Health SESLHD/WHO Collaborating Centre for Capacity Building and Health Care Worker Training in HIV/AIDS Care, Treatment and Support, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia

Received 2 February 2014; Accepted 16 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014

Academic Editors: C. M. Buchalla, E. Kahan, J. Klewer, and J. Konde-Lule

Copyright © 2014 Paraniala S. C. Lui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To assess medical and nursing students’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Fiji. Methods. A cross-sectional study of 275 medical and 252 nursing students that participated in a questionnaire survey on HIV KAP. Data was analysed according to their gender, program of study, and academic year. Results. The mean HIV knowledge (HK) and attitude scores were 16.0 and 41.3, respectively. Mean HK score was significantly higher in males compared to females. Significant positive correlations were found between HK and academic year for medical ( ) and nursing ( ) students and between HK and attitude scores ( ). The majority of students indicated fear in contracting HIV through clinical practice and felt that health care workers have the right to know a patients HIV status for their own safety. The majority would wear gloves to touch a patient if suspected of HIV. Conclusions. The study found a high level of HIV knowledge and positive attitude towards HIV patients. However, respondents also displayed negative attitudes and unacceptable practices probably due to fear. Training institutions need to ensure that students gain accurate knowledge on HIV especially on transmission routes to allay the fear of caring for HIV-infected patients.