Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 982136, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/982136
Research Article

Modelling Furrow Irrigation-Induced Erosion on a Sandy Loam Soil in Samaru, Northern Nigeria

1Department of Agricultural and Environmental Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Received 29 June 2014; Accepted 1 October 2014; Published 11 November 2014

Academic Editor: Shuguang Liu

Copyright © 2014 Jibrin M. Dibal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Assessment of soil erosion and sediment yield in furrow irrigation is limited in Samaru-Zaria. Data was collected in 2009 and 2010 and was used to develop a dimensionless model for predicting furrow irrigation-induced erosion (FIIE) using the dimensional analyses approach considering stream size, furrow length, furrow width, soil infiltration rate, hydraulic shear stress, soil erodibility, and time flow of water in the furrows as the building components. One liter of water-sediment samples was collected from the furrows during irrigations from which sediment concentrations and soil erosion per furrow were calculated. Stream sizes (2.5, 1.5, and 0.5 l/s), furrow lengths (90 and 45 m), and furrow widths (0.75 and 0.9 m) constituted the experimental factors randomized in a split plot design with four replications. Water flow into and out of the furrows was measured using cutthroat flumes. The model produced reasonable predictions relative to field measurements with coefficient of determination in the neighborhood of 0.8, model prediction efficiency NSE (0.7000), high index of agreement (0.9408), and low coefficient of variability (0.4121). The model is most sensitive to water stream size. The variables in the model are easily measurable; this makes it better and easily adoptable.