Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2015, Article ID 276469, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/276469
Review Article

Micronutrients Deficiency, a Hidden Hunger in Nepal: Prevalence, Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

1Multivitamin-Mineral Supplementation Project, Health Resources Consultancy Pvt. Ltd., Kuleshwor, Kathmandu 44614, Nepal
2Central Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu 44618, Nepal

Received 10 October 2014; Accepted 22 December 2014

Academic Editor: Fermin Sanchez de Medina

Copyright © 2015 Shiva Bhandari and Megha Raj Banjara. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Micronutrient deficiency is a global challenge to health as in Nepal. In Nepal, the targeted beneficiaries are less aware about importance of micronutrients (MNs), which has resulted in low intake of foods rich in MNs. Micronutrient deficiencies (MNDs) have huge impact on health of vulnerable population like women and children and have jeopardized the national economy and prosperity of developing countries including Nepal. However, less attention has been paid towards MNDs, which can be prevented. Therefore, this study aims to draw attention of the concerned authorities and researchers to combat against MNDs in Nepal. This study showed that different types of MNDs with higher prevalence exist in Nepal. The major causes of MNDs were poor diet, diseases and infestations, and poor health caring practices. The results of MNDs were unwanted child and maternal mortality, impairments of lives, and reduction in productivity and intellectual capacity. School health and nutrition education and supplementation and fortification of essential MNs proved to be effective while dietary diversification and economic growth and poverty eradication seemed promising. Control and prevention of MNDs can help to achieve Millennium Development Goals as well, so studies in this sector should be emphasized.