Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2015, Article ID 697197, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/697197
Research Article

Antibacterial Effect and Physical-Mechanical Properties of Temporary Restorative Material Containing Antibacterial Agents

1Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Positivo University, Rua Professor Pedro Viriato Parigot de Souza, 5300 Curitiba, PR, Brazil
2Positivo University, Rua Professor Pedro Viriato Parigot de Souza, 5300 Curitiba, PR, Brazil

Received 9 October 2015; Revised 13 December 2015; Accepted 14 December 2015

Academic Editor: Jiiang H. Jeng

Copyright © 2015 Amanda Mahammad Mushashe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. For the maintenance of the aseptic chain created during the treatment the coronal sealing becomes paramount. Aim. Evaluating the antibacterial effect and the physical-mechanical properties of a temporary restorative material containing different antibacterial agents. Material and Methods. Two antibacterial agents (triclosan and chloramine T) were manually added to a temporary restorative material used as base (Coltosol). The antibacterial action of the material was analyzed using the agar diffusion method, in pure cultures of Escherichia coli (ATCC BAA-2336) and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 11632) and mixed culture of saliva collection. The microleakage rate was analyzed using bovine teeth, previously restored with the materials, and submitted to thermocycling, in a solution of 0.5% methylene blue, for a period of 24 hours. The physical and mechanical properties of the materials analyzed were setting time, water sorption, solubility, and compression strength. Results. No marginal leakage was observed for all groups. There was no statistical significant difference in antimicrobial activity, setting time, water sorption, solubility, and compression strength among the materials. Conclusion. The addition of antibacterial agents on a temporary restorative material did not optimize the antibacterial ability of the material and also did not change its physical-mechanical properties.