Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2016, Article ID 6304820, 24 pages
Review Article

Returning for HIV Test Results: A Systematic Review of Barriers and Facilitators

1Faculté des Sciences Infirmières, Université Laval, 1050 avenue de la Médecine, Pavillon Vandry, Ville de Québec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6
2Population Health and Optimal Health Practices, CHU de Québec Research Center, 10 rue de l’Espinay, D6, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1L 3L5
3Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), 1595 boul. Alphonse-Desjardins, UQAR, Campus de Lévis, Lévis, QC, Canada G6V 0A6
4Quebec SPOR-SUPPORT Unit, 10 rue de l’Espinay, D6, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1L 3L5
5Department of Family Health, Ministry of Public Health, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Received 11 July 2016; Revised 11 October 2016; Accepted 19 October 2016

Academic Editor: Li-Yin Chien

Copyright © 2016 Patrice Ngangue et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This systematic review aims to identify factors that facilitate or hinder the return for HIV test results. Four electronic databases were searched. Two independent reviewers selected eligible publications based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. Quantitative studies published since 1985 were included. Thirty-six studies were included in the final review. Individual level barriers included sociodemographic characteristics, such as being a male, of young age and low education level, risk behaviours such as injecting drugs, having multiple sexual partners, and psychosocial factors. Older age, higher education level, being a woman, having high self-esteem, having coping skills, and holding insurance coverage were identified as facilitators. Interpersonal barriers and facilitators were linked to risk behaviours of sexual partners. Contextual barriers included essentially the HIV testing center and its characteristics. This review identified the most important factors that need to be addressed to ensure that people return for their HIV test results.