Table of Contents
International Scholarly Research Notices
Volume 2017, Article ID 5495643, 5 pages
Research Article

Translation and Validation of Modified Dental Anxiety Scale: The Nepali Version

Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Surgery, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

Correspondence should be addressed to Jamal Giri; moc.liamg@tolipilapen

Received 27 October 2016; Accepted 11 January 2017; Published 29 January 2017

Academic Editor: Jorma Virtanen

Copyright © 2017 Jamal Giri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. For proper management of anxious dental patients it is imperative to assess their levels of dental anxiety before treatment. Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) is the most commonly used questionnaire to assess dental anxiety. But a Nepali version of MDAS is still lacking. Hence, the objective of this study was to develop a reliable and valid Nepali version of MDAS. Materials and Methods. The English version of the MDAS was translated into Nepali following a forward and backward translation process. Following pretesting and cognitive interviewing a final version of Nepali questionnaire was obtained. One hundred and fifty patients attending Department of Orthodontics completed the Nepali version of MDAS questionnaire at their convenience. Also, patients were asked to rate their overall anxiety on a 100 mm visual analog scale (VAS). A test-retest of the questionnaire was performed with 30 patients after 2 weeks. Results. Cronbach’s alpha value of the Nepali version of MDAS was 0.775. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient between test and retest was 0.872. Spearman’s correlation coefficient between the total MDAS score and VAS score was 0.838. Conclusion. The translated Nepali version of MDAS is a reliable and valid instrument to measure the dental anxiety of Nepali patients.