Table of Contents
Journal of Allergy
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 231862, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/231862
Research Article

Anaphylaxis Preparedness among Preschool Staff before and after an Educational Intervention

1Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic Health System in Mankato, Mankato, MN, USA

Received 11 May 2015; Accepted 16 July 2015

Academic Editor: Hugo Van Bever

Copyright © 2015 Ashley A. Foster et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Children with severe food allergies may spend many hours in the preschool setting. Little is known about anaphylaxis recognition and management preparedness among preschool staff. The objective of this study was to assess anaphylaxis preparedness among preschool staff. Methods. Anonymous questionnaires were administered before and after a 40-minute educational seminar on anaphylaxis recognition and management. Results. In total, 181 individuals participated in the preintervention survey and 171 participated in the postintervention survey. The comfort level with recognizing anaphylaxis and administering an epinephrine autoinjector significantly increased after the intervention ( for both). Of the 5 steps needed to administer an epinephrine autoinjector, staff named a mean (SD) of 3 (1.3) steps in the correct order compared with 4.2 (1.1) steps after the educational intervention (). Conclusion. This study shows that a brief education intervention can significantly increase caregiver comfort regarding identifying anaphylaxis and administering an epinephrine autoinjector.