Table of Contents
Journal of Allergy
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6425869, 3 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6425869
Research Article

Prevalence of Skin Sensitization to Pollen of Date Palm in Marrakesh, Morocco

Department of Pulmonology-Allergology, Arrazy Hospital and Mohammed VI University Hospital, PCIM Laboratory, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakesh, Morocco

Correspondence should be addressed to Hind Serhane

Received 27 September 2016; Revised 3 January 2017; Accepted 11 January 2017; Published 8 February 2017

Academic Editor: William E. Berger

Copyright © 2017 Hind Serhane et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Date palm’s pollen has been identified as a source of allergy; the rate of sensitization of this pollen is between 6 and 29%. Objective. To determine the prevalence of sensitization to date palm in Marrakesh and to identify the clinical profile. Patients and Methods. This study is based on a questionnaire and the prick test on 7 allergens, in population aged 5 years and above with clinical symptoms suggesting allergic diseases, from November 2012 to February 2013 in Marrakech. Results. We included 468 patients (women: 79.5%). The prick tests were considered interpretable in 467 cases. The prevalence of skin sensitization to pollen of date palm was 6.6%. The 31 cases of sensitization to date palm involved 7 men and 24 women with an average age of 37.5 years. Cutaneous monosensitization to date palm’s pollen was observed in 2 cases. Asthma, rhinitis, and conjunctivitis were recorded, respectively, in 48.4%, 93.5%, and 67.7%. Conclusion. Skin sensitization to pollen of date palm does not seem unusual among allergic patients in Marrakech and is comparable to that found in Casablanca (7%), Barcelona (6.6%), and Cartagena (6.1%).