Table of Contents
Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 782618, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/782618
Research Article

Studies on Mechanical, Thermal, and Morphological Properties of Glass Fibre Reinforced Polyoxymethylene Nanocomposite

1Plastics Technology, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology, 32 T.V.K. Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600032, India
2Department of Chemistry, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology, 32 T.V.K. Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600032, India

Received 31 May 2014; Revised 11 September 2014; Accepted 8 October 2014; Published 6 November 2014

Academic Editor: Ioana Demetrescu

Copyright © 2014 K. Mohan Babu and M. Mettilda. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Konaka, K. Nakagawa, and S. Yamakawa, “Mechanical and physical properties of ultraoriented polyoxymethylene produced by microwave heating drawing,” Polymer, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 462–468, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. He, L. Zhang, and C. Li, “Effect of perfluoroalkylmethacrylate ester-grafted-linear low-density polyethylene on the tribological property of polyoxymethylene—linear low-density polyethylene composites,” Polymer Engineering & Science, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 925–930, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Braun and S. Ross, “Influence of structural parameters on the dynamic mechanical properties of polyacetals,” Die Angewandte Makromolekulare Chemie, vol. 228, pp. 185–200, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  4. S. Hasegawa, H. Takeshita, F. Yoshii, T. Sasaki, K. Makuuchi, and S. Nishimoto, “Thermal degradation behavior of gamma-irradiated acetyloxy end-capped poly(oxymethylene),” Polymer, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 111–120, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Hama and K. Tashiro, “Structural changes in non-isothermal crystallization process of melt-cooled polyoxymethylene. [I] Detection of infrared bands characteristic of folded and extended chain crystal morphologies and extraction of a lamellar stacking model,” Polymer, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 3107–3116, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Kawaguchi, K. Mizuguchi, K. Suzuki, H. Sakamoto, and T. Oguni, “Mechanical and physical characteristics of cellulose-fiber-filled polyacetal composites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 118, no. 4, pp. 1910–1920, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. Zachariev, H.-V. Rudolph, and H. Ivers, “Damage accumulation in glassfibre reinforced polyoximethylene under short-term loading,” Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1119–1123, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. Kawaguchi, E. Masuda, and Y. Tajima, “Tensile behavior of glass-fiber-filled polyacetal: influence of the functional groups of polymer matrices,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 667–673, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Hashemi, M. T. Gilbride, and J. Hodgkinson, “Mechanical property relationships in glass-filled polyoxymethylene,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 31, pp. 5017–5025, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Soundararajan and S. C. Shit, “Studies on properties of poly olefins: poly propylene copolymer (PPcp) blends with poly oxy methylenes (POM),” Journal of Polymer Testing, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 313–316, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. K. Kim, J. W. Seo, and H. M. Jeong, “Morphology and properties of waterborne polyurethane/clay nanocomposites,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 85–91, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Pegorettia, J. Kolarik, and C. Migliaresi, “Recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate)/layered silicate nanocomposites: morphology and tensile mechanical properties,” Journal of Polymer, vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 2751–2759, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. K. Bledzki, A. A. Mamun, and M. Feldmann, “Polyoxymethylene composites with natural and cellulose fibres: toughness and heat deflection temperature,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 72, no. 15, pp. 1870–1874, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. X. Zhao and L. Ye, “Structure and mechanical properties of polyoxymethylene/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites,” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 926–933, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. K. Das, S. Suin, N. K. Shrivastava, S. Maiti, J. K. Mishra, and B. B. Khatua, “Effect of nanoclay on the morphology and properties of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene toughened polyoxymethylene (POM)/clay nanocomposites,” Polymer Composites, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 273–282, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. L. A. Utracki, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Thermodynamics and Rheology, Hanser, Munich, Germany, 1989.
  17. M. J. Folkes and P. S. Hope, Polymer Blends and Alloys, Blackie Academic & Professional, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1st edition, 1993.
  18. C. Creton, E. J. Kramer, C.-Y. Hui, and H. R. Brown, “Failure mechanisms of polymer interfaces reinforced with block copolymers,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 3075–3088, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. J. Kim, B. S. Shin, J. L. Hong, W. J. Cho, and C. S. Ha, “Reactive compatibilization of the PBT/EVA blend by maleic anhydride,” Polymer, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 4073–4080, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. E. Boucher, J. P. Folkers, H. Hervet, L. Léger, and C. Creton, “Effects of the formation of copolymer on the interfacial adhesion between semicrystalline polymers,” Macromolecules, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 774–782, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Wang, D. Liu, and C. Xiong, “Synthesis of EVA-g-MAH and its compatibilization effect to PA11/PVC blends,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 3398–3407, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. D. Voulgaris and D. Petridis, “Emulsifying effect of dimethyldioctadecylammonium-hectorite in polystyrene/poly(ethyl methacrylate) blends,” Polymer, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 2213–2218, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. S. Hong, H. Namkung, K. H. Ahn, S. J. Lee, and C. Kim, “The role of organically modified layered silicate in the breakup and coalescence of droplets in PBT/PE blends,” Polymer, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 3967–3975, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Y. Gelfer, H. H. Song, L. Liu et al., “Effects of organoclays on morphology and thermal and rheological properties of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) blends,” Journal of Polymer Science B: Polymer Physics, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 44–54, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. Wang, Q. Zhang, and Q. Fu, “Compatibilization of immiscible Poly(propylene)/Polystyrene blends using clay,” Macromolecular Rapid Communications, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 231–235, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Sinha Ray and M. Bousmina, “Compatibilization efficiency of organoclay in an immiscible polycarbonate/ poly(methyl methacrylate) blend,” Macromolecular Rapid Communications, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 450–455, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. S. Ray and M. Bousmina, “Effect of organic modification on the compatibilization efficiency of clay in an immiscible polymer blend,” Macromolecular Rapid Communications, vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 1639–1646, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Sinha Ray, S. Pouliot, M. Bousmina, and L. A. Utracki, “Role of organically modified layered silicate as an active interfacial modifier in immiscible polystyrene/polypropylene blends,” Polymer, vol. 45, no. 25, pp. 8403–8413, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. B. B. Khatua, D. J. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and J. K. Kim, “Effect of organoclay platelets on morphology of nylon-6 and poly(ethylene-ran-propylene) rubber blends,” Macromolecules, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 2454–2459, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. Y. T. Sung, Y. S. Kim, Y. K. Lee et al., “Effects of clay on the morphology of poly(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) and polypropylene nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 1671–1677, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. Dziadur, A. Litak, S. Kuciel, and V. Tomaszewska, “Changes of microstructures PA6 and POM as result of their modification by copolymer of ethylene,” in Proceedings of the 8th Seminar Plastics in Machine Design, pp. 91–100, Fotobit Design, Cracow, Poland, October 1997.
  32. X. L. Ji, J. K. Jing, W. Jiang, and B. Z. Jiang, “Tensile modulus of polymer nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering & Science, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 983–993, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus