Table of Contents
Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 4518654, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4518654
Research Article

Synthesis and Characterization of CuO, TiO2, and CuO-TiO2 Mixed Oxide by a Modified Oxalate Route

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea, Cameroon
2Department of Chemistry, ENS Yaoundé, BP 47, Yaoundé, Cameroon
3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, The University of Bamenda, P.O. Box 39, Bambili, Bamenda, Cameroon

Correspondence should be addressed to Josepha Foba-Tendo; moc.liamg@abofnj

Received 2 January 2017; Revised 4 April 2017; Accepted 23 April 2017; Published 4 June 2017

Academic Editor: Muthupandian Ashokkumar

Copyright © 2017 Ekane Peter Etape et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Diab, B. Moshofsky, I. Jen-La Plante, and T. Mokari, “A facile one-step approach for the synthesis and assembly of copper and copper-oxide nanocrystals,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 21, no. 31, pp. 11626–11630, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. S. Devan, R. A. Patil, J.-H. Lin, and Y.-R. Ma, “One-dimensional metal-oxide nanostructures: recent developments in synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 22, no. 16, pp. 3326–3370, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Yang, X. Su, J. Wang, X. Cao, S. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Facile microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of varied-shaped CuO nanoparticles and their gas sensing properties,” Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, vol. 185, pp. 159–165, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Zhang, J. Liu, Q. Peng, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Nearly monodisperse Cu2O and CuO nanospheres: preparation and applications for sensitive gas sensors,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 867–871, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. R. Shaterian, F. Moradi, and M. Mohammadnia, “Nano copper(II) oxide catalyzed four-component synthesis of functionalized benzo[a]pyrano[2,3-c]phenazine derivatives,” Comptes Rendus Chimie, vol. 15, no. 11-12, pp. 1055–1059, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. N. Scotti, D. Monticelli, and F. Zaccheria, “Dispersed copper oxide: a multifaceted tool in catalysis,” Inorganica Chimica Acta, vol. 380, no. 1, pp. 194–200, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Zhao, X. Song, Z. Yin, and Q. Song, “One-step self-assembled synthesis of CuO with tunable hierarchical structures and their electrocatalytic properties for nitrite oxidation in aqueous media,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 396, pp. 29–38, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Azam, A. S. Ahmed, M. Oves, M. S. Khan, and A. Memic, “Size-dependent antimicrobial properties of CuO nanoparticles against Gram-positive and-negative bacterial strains,” International Journal of Nanomedicine, vol. 7, pp. 3527–3535, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. S. Hassan, T. Amna, O.-B. Yang, M. H. El-Newehy, S. S. Al-Deyab, and M.-S. Khil, “Smart copper oxide nanocrystals: synthesis, characterization, electrochemical and potent antibacterial activity,” Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 97, pp. 201–206, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Pandiyarajan, R. Udayabhaskar, S. Vignesh, R. A. James, and B. Karthikeyan, “Synthesis and concentration dependent antibacterial activities of CuO nanoflakes,” Materials Science and Engineering: C, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 2020–2024, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Wahab, S. T. Khan, S. Dwivedi, M. Ahamed, J. Musarrat, and A. A. Al-Khedhairy, “Effective inhibition of bacterial respiration and growth by CuO microspheres composed of thin nanosheets,” Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 111, pp. 211–217, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. O. Waser, M. Hess, A. Güntner, P. Novák, and S. E. Pratsinis, “Size controlled CuO nanoparticles for Li-ion batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 241, pp. 415–422, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. Ahmad, R. Chopra, K. V. Ramanujachary, S. E. Lofland, and A. K. Ganguli, “Canted antiferromagnetism in copper oxide nanoparticles synthesized by the reverse-micellar route,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 891–895, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. Gao, J. Zhang, J. Zhu et al., “Vacancy-mediated magnetism in pure copper oxide nanoparticles,” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 769–772, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. J. Stewart, M. Multigner, J. F. Marco, F. J. Berry, A. Hernando, and J. M. González, “Thermal dependence of the magnetization of antiferromagnetic copper(II) oxide nanoparticles,” Solid State Communications, vol. 130, no. 3-4, pp. 247–251, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Pendashteh, M. F. Mousavi, and M. S. Rahmanifar, “Fabrication of anchored copper oxide nanoparticles on graphene oxide nanosheets via an electrostatic coprecipitation and its application as supercapacitor,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 88, pp. 347–357, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. W. Zhu, T. Yu, F. C. Cheong et al., “Large-scale synthesis and field emission properties of vertically oriented CuO nanowire films,” Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 88–92, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. A. Deorsola and D. Vallauri, “Synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles through the Gel Combustion process,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 3274–3278, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Kobayashi, K. Tomita, V. Petrykin, M. Yoshimura, and M. Kakihana, “Direct synthesis of brookite-type titanium oxide by hydrothermal method using water-soluble titanium complexes,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 2158–2162, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. X. Chen and S. S. Mao, “Titanium dioxide nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, modifications and applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 107, no. 7, pp. 2891–2959, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. H. Ashok, V. K. Rao, and C. H. S. Chakra, “CuO/TiO2 metal oxide nanocomposite synthesis via room temperature ionic liquid,” Journal of Nanomaterials & Amp; Molecular Nanotechnology, vol. 5, no. 1, 4 pages, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  22. F. L. Roussin, P. T. Kenfack, M. Delphine, H. Sophie, D. Arnaud, and L. J. Ngolui, “Coprecipitation of nickel and zinc malonate: A facile and reproducible synthesis route for Ni1-xZnxO nanoparticles and Ni1-xZnxO/ZnO nanocomposite via pyrolysis,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 230, pp. 381–389, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. H. C. Camargo, K. G. Satyanarayana, and F. Wypych, “Nanocomposites: synthesis, structure, properties and new application opportunities,” Materials Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–39, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. I. Trakhtenberg, G. N. Gerasimov, V. F. Gromov, T. V. Belysheva, and O. J. Ilegbusi, “Gas semiconducting sensors based on metal oxide nanoparticles,” Journal of Materials Science Research, pp. 156–168, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. M. M. Ba-Abbad, A. A. H. Kadhum, A. B. Mohamad, M. S. Takriff, and K. Sopian, “Synthesis and catalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles for photochemical oxidation of concentrated chlorophenols under direct solar radiation,” nt. J. Electrochem. Sci., vol. 7, pp. 4871–4888, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. H. A. Monreal, J. G. Chacon-Nava, U. Arce-Colunga, C. A. Marti, P. G. Casillas, and A. Martinez-Villafane, “Sol–gel preparation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in presence of a linear polysaccharide,” Micro & amp; Nano Letters, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 187–191, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  27. Q. Zhang and L. Gao, “Preparation of oxide nanocrystals with tunable morphologies by the moderate hydrothermal method: insights from rutile TiO2,” Langmuir, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 967–971, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Rashad, M. Rüsing, G. Berth, K. Lischka, and A. Pawlis, “CuO and Co3O4 nanoparticles: synthesis, characterizations, and raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2013, Article ID 714853, 6 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Anandan, G.-J. Lee, and J. J. Wu, “Sonochemical synthesis of CuO nanostructures with different morphology,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 682–686, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B.-M. Wen, C.-Y. Liu, and Y. Liu, “Solvothermal synthesis of ultralong single-crystalline TiO2 nanowires,” New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 969–971, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. Y. Li, Z. Qin, H. Guo et al., “Low-temperature synthesis of anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with tunable surface charges for enhancing photocatalytic activity,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 12, Article ID e114638, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. L. Castro, M. R. Nunes, A. P. Carvalho, F. M. Costa, and M. H. Florêncio, “Synthesis of anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with high temperature stability and photocatalytic activity,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 602–606, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. S. Anwar, S. Kumar, F. Ahmed, N. Arshi, C. G. Lee, and B. H. Koo, “One step synthesis of rutile TiO2 nanoparticles at low temperature,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1555–1558, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. T. C. Monson, M. A. Rodriguez, J. L. Leger, T. E. Stevens, and D. L. Huber, “A simple low-cost synthesis of brookite TiO2 nanoparticles,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 348–353, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. P. Kharkar and C. C. Patel, “Peroxy titanium oxalate,” Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Section A, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 287–306, 1956. View at Google Scholar
  36. J. Xia, H. Li, Z. Luo, K. Wang, S. Yin, and Y. Yan, “Ionic liquid-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of three-dimensional hierarchical CuO peachstone-like architectures,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 256, no. 6, pp. 1871–1877, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. B. N. Nguimezong, J. Foba-Tendo, D. M. Yufanyi, E. P. Etape, J. N. Eko, and L. J. Ngolui, “Averrhoa carambola: A Renewable Source of Oxalic Acid for the Facile and,” Green Synthesis of Divalent Metal (Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, and Cu) Oxalates and Oxide Nanoparticles, Journal of Applied Chemistry, vol. 2014, no. Article ID, Article ID 767695, p. pp, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  38. L. K. Massey, “Food Oxalate: Factors Affecting Measurement, Biological Variation, and Bioavailability,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 7, pp. 1191–1194, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus