Table 5: Motivation for use of prescription drugs in general and in combination with strong opioids (heroin, methadone, and buprenorphine). Not mutually exclusive. Presented as n (% of persons reporting lifetime use/combined use).

CharacteristicBenzodiazepinesPregabalinz-drugsPromethazineHydroxyzineAlimemazinePrescription opioidsPrescription stimulants

Motives for use of prescription
Recreational use
(“get high”)
16/62 (26%)7/26 (27%)14/62 (23%)02/45 (4%)2/52 (4%)21/60 (35%)7/24 (29%)
Relieve physical problems12/62 (19%)3/26 (12%)2/62 (3%)001/52 (2%)29/60 (48%)1/24 (4%)
Relieve emotional problems43/62 (69%)17/26 (65%)18/62 (29%)22/50 (44%)24/45 (53%)20/52 (39%)11/60 (18%)0
Other motives17/62 (27%)5/26 (19%)37/62 (60%)25/50 (50%)16/45 (36%)28/52 (54%)18/60 (30%)14/24 (58%)

Additional effect from combining prescription drugs with42/59 (71%)11/17 (65%)31/46 (67%)8/25 (32%)4/20 (20%)9/30 (30%)25/41 (61%)5/13 (39%)

values for prescription stimulants; for alimemazine; for promethazine; and for hydroxyzine.
values for pregabalin; for promethazine, alimemazine, and prescription stimulants; for z-drugs; for benzodiazepines and hydroxyzine; and for prescription opioids.