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Journal of Addiction
Volume 2018, Article ID 1689637, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1689637
Research Article

Substance Use, Criminal Recidivism, and Mortality in Criminal Justice Clients: A Comparison between Men and Women

Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University and Malmö Addiction Center, Skåne Region, Sweden

Correspondence should be addressed to Anders Håkansson; es.ul.dem@nossnakah.c_sredna

Received 30 September 2017; Accepted 8 February 2018; Published 11 March 2018

Academic Editor: Gallus Bischof

Copyright © 2018 Caroline Mannerfelt and Anders Håkansson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. This study aimed to map differences between male and female offenders with substance abuse, with respect to descriptive characteristics and risk factors for mortality and criminal recidivism. Methods. Criminal justice clients with substance abuse problems were interviewed with the Addiction Severity Index. Mortality and data on return to criminal justice were retrieved from national registers. Results. Female offenders reported heavier substance use patterns, more psychiatric symptoms, and more often a partner with substance abuse, but had lower mortality (2% versus 4%) and criminal recidivism (62% versus 71%) during follow-up. Having a substance-abusing partner was associated with criminal recidivism among females. Conclusions. Female offenders with substance abuse differ from their male counterparts. Males and females had different risk factors for criminal recidivism.