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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2003, Issue 2, Pages 65-86

Finite difference solution of radiation effects on MHD unsteady free-convection flow over vertical plate with variable surface temperature

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Roxy, Heliopolis, Cairo, Egypt

Received 20 May 2002; Revised 24 September 2002

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An analysis is performed to study radiation effects on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) unsteady free-convection flow past a semi-infinite vertical plate with variable surface temperature in the presence of transversal uniform magnetic field. The boundary layer equations are transformed into a linear algebraic system by an implicit finite-difference method. A parametric study is performed to illustrate the influence of radiation parameter, magnetic parameter, and Prandtl number on the velocity and temperature profiles. The numerical results reveal that the radiation has significant influences on the velocity and temperature profiles, skin friction, and Nusselt number. The results indicate that the velocity, temperature, and local and average skin friction increase as the radiation parameter increases, while the local and average Nusselt numbers decrease as the radiation parameter increases.