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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 245732, 24 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/245732
Research Article

Induced Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Aggregation Operators with TOPSIS Order-Inducing Variables

1School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
2Department of Management, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
3Key Laboratory of Process Optimization and Intelligent Decision-Making, Ministry of Education, Hefei 230009, China

Received 1 December 2011; Revised 24 February 2012; Accepted 14 March 2012

Academic Editor: Huijun Gao

Copyright © 2012 Jun-Ling Zhang and Xiao-Wen Qi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Two induced aggregation operators with novelly designed TOPSIS order-inducing variables are proposed: Induced Interval-valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Averaging (I-IIFHA) operator and Induced Interval-valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Geometric (I-IIFHG) operator. The merit of two aggregation operators is that they can consider additional preference information of decision maker’s attitudinal characteristics besides argument-dependent information and argument-independent information. Some desirable properties of I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG are studied and theoretical analysis also shows that they can include a wide range of aggregation operators as special cases. Further, we extend these operators to form a novel group decision-making method for selecting the most desirable alternative in multiple attribute multi-interest group decision-making problems with attribute values and decision maker’s interest values taking the form of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy numbers, and application research to real estate purchase selection shows its practicality.

1. Introduction

In many practical decision-making activities, the available knowledge of decision makers is vague or imprecise and cannot be assessed with numerical values, so Zadeh’s fuzzy set theory [1] and Atanassov’s intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS) theory [2] are introduced to deal with uncertain decision environments. Over the last decades, the increasing researches have indicated that Atanassov’s IFS and interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy set (IVIFS) [3] characterized by a membership function and nonmembership function are more suitable to deal with fuzziness and uncertainty than the generalization of fuzzy set developed by Zadeh. So recently, particular aggregation operators and corresponding decision-making methods have been studied and widely used for solving different decision-making problems under intuitionistic fuzzy or interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy environments. As for the studies on single-person multiattribute decision-making (MADM) problems, Xu [4] investigated the methodology for solving multiattribute decision-making problems with intuitionistic fuzzy preference information aggregated by the intuitionistic fuzzy-weighted averaging (IFWA) operator, the intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted averaging (IFOWA) operator, and the intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid averaging (IFHA) operator. Xu and Yager [5] proposed some geometric aggregation operators based on intuitionistic fuzzy sets, such as the intuitionistic fuzzy-weighted geometric (IFWG) operator, the intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted geometric (IFOWG) operator and the intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid geometric (IFHG) operator and then applied them to multiple attribute decision-making. Xu and Xia [6] studied a method for multiattribute decision-making under IFS environment with induced generalized aggregation operators (I-GIFCOA and BS I-GIFCOA) designed by introducing Choquet integral and Dempster-Shafer evidence theory. Tan and Chen [7] considered interactions phenomena among the decision-making criteria under IFS environment and also introduced Choquet integral to design an intuitionistic fuzzy operator (I-IFC) for multicriteria decision-making, and so forth. With respect to the researches on dynamic multiattribute decision-making (DMADM) problems, Xu and Yager [8] developed two new dynamic intuitionistic fuzzy aggregation operators to solve the dynamic intuitionistic fuzzy multi-attribute decision-making problems. Wei [9] proposed the dynamic intuitionistic fuzzy-weighted geometric (DIFWG) operator and developed a procedure based on the DIFWG and IFWG operators to solve dynamic intuitionistic fuzzy multi-attribute decision-making (DIF-MADM) problems where all the decision information about attribute values takes the form of intuitionistic fuzzy numbers collected at different periods. For the researches on multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) problems, Xu and Chen [10, 11] investigated decision-making methods for the IVIFS environment and defined several arithmetic aggregation operators and geometric aggregation operators, such as the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-weighted averaging (IIFWA) operator, the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted averaging (IIFOWA) operator, the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid averaging (IIFHA) operator, interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy geometric (IIFG) operator, and interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-weighted geometric (IIFWG) operator. Wei [12] developed some induced geometric aggregation operators based on IFS and IVIFS, such as the induced intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted geometric (I-IFOWG) operator and induced interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted geometric (I-IIFOWG) operator, and also extended them to solve the multi-attribute decision-making problems, and so forth.

As can be seen from the researches mentioned, aggregation operators for fusion of decision preference information play a central role in solving different kinds of decision-making problems. In the existing literatures, different types of aggregation operators and their extensions can be found for fusing intuitionistic fuzzy and interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy information, such as the weighted aggregation operators IFWA, IFWG, IIFWA, and IIFG, the ordered weighted aggregation operators IFOWA, IFOWG, IIFOWA, and IIFWG; the induced aggregation operators I-GIFCOA, I-GIFCOA, I-IFC, I-IFOWG, and I-IIFOWG; the hybrid aggregation operators IFHA, IFHG, and IIFHA. From the aggregation process of these representative operators, it can be seen that weighted aggregation operators or ordered weighted aggregation operators can manage to utilize argument-dependent (value weights) or argument-independent (position weights) decision preference information [4, 1317]; hybrid operators combine the advantages of both ordered weighted aggregation and weighted aggregation operators and manage to consider both position weights and value weights [1723]; induced operators [2432] and generalized induced operators [6, 31, 3338] integrating order-inducing variables are able to consider additional reordering criteria that do not depend on the values of the arguments. Obviously the combination of hybrid operators and induced operators can enable the aggregation process to utilize all the argument-dependent preference information, argument-independent preference information and additional preference criteria, and so as to select the most desirable alternative in accordance with preference of decision makers. Such as, Merigó and Casanovas [20] presented an induced generalized hybrid averaging (IGHA) operator under the exact numerical environment by combination of the induced aggregation operator and the hybrid aggregation operator. But there is scarcely any research on the induced hybrid aggregation operators for the intuitionistic fuzzy or interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision environment as far as can be seen from existing literatures.

In this paper, we investigate the induced hybrid operators with order-inducing variables not directly given by decision makers and their application to multiple attribute group decision-making with multi-interests under the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision environment. We present two induced interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid aggregation operators: Induced Interval-valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Averaging (I-IIFHA) operator and Induced Interval-valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Geometric (I-IIFHG) operator. The two operators manage to use information more completely through two aspects: (1) hybridly including argument-dependent weighting vector and argument-independent weighting vector under interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy environment, and (2) extending the IIFHA and IIFHG operators by including order-inducing variables ensured with a designed TOPSIS-based method in the aggregation process to use more attitudinal information in accordance with different decision maker’s interests.

The first main advantage of this paper is that the proposed I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators can help decision-making process to consider preference information in a more complete way during aggregation than other ordinary aggregation operators mentioned previously. And obviously, if the order-inducing variables are the argument ordering, then the proposed induced operators can be reduced to other ordinary aggregation operators. So the I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators can include a wide range of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy aggregation operators as special cases, such as IIFHA, IIFOWA, IIFWA, IIFHG, IIFOWG and IIFWG operators. The other important contribution of this paper is the proposal of using the information related to various decision makers’ interests to deduce order-inducing criteria in induced interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid aggregation. Recently, although many researches have been conducted on various induced operators, there are few researches on the methods to ensure order-inducing variables. Order-inducing variables as the reordering step can enable induced aggregation operators to consider additional decision rules that do not depend on the values of the arguments, such as attitudinal characteristic information of decision makers. In the literature [27, 39, 40], Merigó and Casanovas introduced some induced aggregation operators under exact number decision environment with a complex reordering process by using Euclidean or Hamming distance measures and the man-provided order-inducing variables according to the experts’ interests. But sometimes, when decision makers cannot provide their exact preference directly because of time pressure or limited expertise related to the problem domain, certain methods should be developed to ensure order-inducing variables. Marin et al. [25] proposed to use the specificity and fuzziness measures of the unbalanced linguistic terms to induce the order-inducing variables of the arguments. For the two situations with or without man-provided additional preference, Chiclana et al. [24] presented three induced aggregation operators under exact number environment: Importance IOWA, consistency IOWA, and preference IOWA operator; the former two operators are based on the reliability of the given arguments; the latter operator is based on a relative preference associated with each one of given arguments. In this paper, we also consider the situation where the decision makers provide their own interests, but the difference is that the decision makers express their attitudinal characteristics in the form of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values which can represent the information in a more complete way, and meanwhile, they can provide both ideal solutions and negative solutions. To do this, in I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG we introduce the TOPSIS method to induce the order-inducing variables, which is called TOPSIS order-inducing variables. The developed TOPSIS order-inducing method especially can also be used to induce the order-inducing variables in the situation of more than one ideal solution or negative solution provided and in the situation of no ideal solution or negative solution provided. We can use the proposed induced hybrid aggregation operators with TOPSIS order-inducing variables to utilize preference information more completely under interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision environment for solving multiple attribute group decision-making problems with multi-interests.

The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, we give a review of basic concepts related to intuitionistic fuzzy sets and interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets, and overview some aggregation operators. In Section 3, we propose induced interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid averaging (I-IIFHA) operator and induced interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid geometric (I-IIFHG) operator and analyze some desirable properties; then we introduce TOPSIS method to ensure order-inducing variables that reflect the complex attitudinal characteristic of the decision maker. In Section 4, based on the I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators, an approach is developed to solve the multiple attribute decision-making problems under the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy environment. In Section 5, an example is given to illustrate validity and practicality of the proposed methods. Finally, we conclude the paper.

2. Preliminaries

2.1. Related Definitions of IVIFSs

Some basic concepts on IVIFSs are introduced here in after to facilitate future discussions.

In 1986, Atanassov [2] generalized the concept of fuzzy set and defined the concept of intuitionistic fuzzy set as follows.

Definition 2.1 (see [2]). A generalized fuzzy set called intuitionistic fuzzy set is shown as follows: in which means a membership function, and means a nonmembership, with the condition , , for all . especially; the given IFS is degraded to an ordinary fuzzy set.

In reality, it may not be easy to identify exact values for the membership and nonmembership degrees of an element to a set. In this case, a range of values may be a more appropriate measurement to accommodate the vagueness. As such, Atanassov and Gargov [3] introduce the notion of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy set (IVIFS).

Definition 2.2 (see [3]). An interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy set (IVIFS) in is defined by where ,, for all . Similarity, the intervals and denote the degree of membership and nonmembership of an element to a set.

Then, we introduce some formulae to calculate the distance of IVIFSs.

Definition 2.3. Suppose that two interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IVIFSs) and in are defined as The normalized Euclidean distance measure is where denotes, denotes, and denotes .
The normalized Hamming distance measure is The normalized Hausdorff distance measure is

In order to aggregate interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy information, we introduce the following relations and operations given by Xu [10].

Definition 2.4 (see [10]). Let , , be three IVIFNs; then(1);(2);(3);(4).

Definition 2.5 (see [10]). Let , , be three IVIFNs, ; then(1);(2);(3);(4);(5);(6).

In order to rank alternatives, it is necessary to consider how to compare two IVIFNs. Xu [10] also devised an approach to compare two IVIFNs based on the concepts of score function and accuracy function.

Definition 2.6 (see [10]). For any three IVIFNs , , , score function defined as , and accuracy function defined as .If , then is smaller than , denoted by .If , then one has the following. If , then is smaller than , denoted by . If , then and represent the same information, denoted by .

2.2. Some Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Aggregation Operators

We first introduce definitions of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-weighted averaging (IIFWA) and interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-weighted geometric (IIFWG) operators.

Definition 2.7 (see [10]). Let be a collection of interval arguments, where , and IIFWA operator of dimension is a mapping IIFWA: , that has an associated vector such that and ; then

Definition 2.8 (see [10]). Let be a collection of interval arguments, where , and IIFWG operator of dimension is a mapping IIFWG: , that has an associated weight vector such that and ; then

Furthermore, consider the ordered positions of the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values instead of weighting the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values themselves. Xu and Chen [11] also proposed interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted averaging (IIFOWA) and interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted geometric (IIFOWG) operators.

Definition 2.9 (see [11]). Let be a collection of interval arguments, where , and IIFOWA operator of dimension is a mapping IIFOWA: , that has an associated weight vector such that and ; then where is a permutation of , such that for all .

Definition 2.10 (see [11]). Let be a collection of interval arguments, where , and IIFOWG operator of dimension is a mapping IIFOWG: , that has an associated weight vector such that and ; then where is a permutation of , such that for all .

Ordered weighted aggregation operators only consider the position weights of the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values themselves. To overcome this limitation, Xu and Chen [11] provided definitions of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid averaging (IIFHA) operator and interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid geometric (IIFHG) operator, which weights both the given interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy value and its ordered position information.

Definition 2.11 (see [11]). An IIFHA operator of dimension is a mapping IIFHA: that has an associated vector such that and ; then where is the th largest of the weighted intuitionistic fuzzy values , is the weight vector with and , and is the balancing coefficient.

Definition 2.12 (see [11]). An IIFHG operator of dimension is a mapping IIFHG: that has an associated vector such that and ; then where is the th largest of the weighted intuitionistic fuzzy values , is the weight vector with and , and is the balancing coefficient.

The induced operator is an extension of the ordinary aggregation operators. The main difference is that the reordering step is not carried out with the arguments values. In this case, the reordering step is developed with order-inducing variables that reflect a more complex reordering process. Wei and Yi [29] introduced the induced interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted geometric (I-IIFOWG) operator, which is defined as follows.

Definition 2.13 (see [29]). An I-IIFOWG operator of dimension is a mapping I-IIFOWG: that has an associated vector such that and ; then where is the value of the I-IIFOWG pair having the th largest (), and in is referred to as the order-inducing variable and as the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values.

In the same way, we have the definition of interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy-ordered weighted averaging (I-IIFOWA) operator.

Definition 2.14. An I-IIFOWA operator of dimension is a mapping I-IIFOWA: , that has an associated vector with I-IIFOWA operator such that and ; then where is the value of the I-IIFOWA pair having the th largest , and in is referred to as the order-inducing variable and as the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy values.

Xu [5] classified all these approaches for determining the weighting vector in aggregation operators into two categories: argument-independent weighting vector method and argument-dependent weighting vector method. The weights derived by the argument-independent approaches are associated with particular ordered positions of the aggregated arguments and have no connection with the aggregated arguments, while the argument-dependent approaches determine the weights based on the arguments.

In this paper, the argument-weighting vector associated with the inputs can be determined by the normal distribution method [13].

Let be a collection of interval arguments, where , the mean of these interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets , where and the variance of these interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy arguments: then we can have a normal distribution method for deriving the attribute weight associated with its value: Consider that and ; we have normalized attribute weights:

The position-weighting vector associated with the operator can be determined by RIM quantifiers [41]:

3. Induced Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Aggregation Operators with TOPSIS Order-Inducing Variables

3.1. I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG Operators

Induced interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid operators are the extensions of ordinary interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid operators, and the difference resides in that they can consider more preference information during aggregation process by combination of order-inducing variables independent of arguments. Here, based on the IIFHA and IIFHG, we propose two more general formulations of the reordering process to form I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators, which can be defined as follows.

Definition 3.1. An I-IIFHA operator of dimension is a mapping I-IIFHA: defined by an associated weighting vector of dimension such that the sum of the weights is 1 and , a set of order-inducing variables , according to the following formula: where , is reordered in decreasing order of the order-inducing variables values of the , is the weight vector with and , and is the balancing coefficient.

Definition 3.2. An I-IIFHG operator of dimension is a mapping I-IIFHG: defined by an associated weighting vector of dimension such that the sum of the weights is 1 and , a set of order-inducing variables , according to the following formula: where , is reordered in decreasing order of the order-inducing variables values of the , is the weight vector with and , and is the balancing coefficient.

Remark 3.3. The argument-weighting vector associated with inputs can be determined by normal distribution method defined in (2.17) and (2.18); The position-weighting vector associated with the operator can be determined by RIM quantifiers in (2.19).

3.2. TOPSIS Order-Inducing Variables

Order-inducing variables as reordering step can enable induced aggregation operators to consider additional decision rules that do not depend on the values of the arguments. In this subsection, we propose a TOPSIS-based method to ensure order-inducing variables to be included in I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators; as such we can be able to deal with the complex decision-making problems in which the solution with highest score value is not the optimal one for the decision makers.

For example, we have the temperature problem introduced by Marin et al. [25] under linguistic environment. If we are dealing with temperatures of the human body, the optimal term is adequate; if the temperature is higher, the results are not good; and on the other side, if the temperature is lower, the results are also not good. If we are dealing with temperatures at which we want to travel, different persons may be interested in a different ordering of the temperatures; a person may prefer to visit places with cold weather, whereas another person may prefer to warm weather. So proper order-inducing variables should be introduced to deal with the problems where the solution with highest values may not be the optimal one, because of additional decision criteria to influence the ordering of arguments, such as rules of nature and preference of person.

In the induced operators mentioned previously, such as IOWA operator, ILOWA operator, and I-IIFOWA operator, the order-inducing variables have been researched under different environments of exact numbers, interval-valued numbers, or linguistic numbers. Here, we let the decision maker define his own preference by interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy numbers; then a TOPSIS-based method is proposed as follows to derive the order-inducing variables, which is called TOPSIS order-inducing variables.

Step 1. Let the decision maker define the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy ideal solution(s) and the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy negative ideal solution(s) corresponding to a collection of interval-valued intuitionistic interval arguments : where is the number of ideal solution(s), and is the number of negative solution(s).

Step 2. Calculate the distance(s) between the interval-valued intuitionistic interval arguments and ideal solution(s) and negative solution(s): where and can be calculated by the distance measures defined in Definition 2.3. If there is more than one ideal solution, we choose the maximum distance one(s); if there exist more than one negative solution, we choose the minimum distance one(s).

Step 3. Calculate the coefficients

Step 4. Derive the order-inducing variable by descending order of . The greater the value , the bigger the ordering-induced variable .

Remark 3.4. In decision-making problems, one decision maker has no interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy ideal solution(s) or negative solution(s), and we assume that and if the attribute is the benefit type and and if it is the cost type.

3.3. Properties

Let be the I-IIFHA operator, and let be the I-IIFHG operator; is argument-weighting vector, and is position-weighting vector. One has two interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy vectors: Then we can get these theorems of I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operator as follows.

Theorem 3.5 (monotonicity). The I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators are increasingly monotonous with respect to the argument values if the associated order-inducing variables remain unchanged.

Proof. Thus, one has . And ,

Theorem 3.6 (commutativity). The I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators are commutative. where is any permutation of the arguments .

Proof. Since is a permutation of , then we have and for all . Meanwhile, is equal to which is associated with the decision maker’s preference, so We get

Theorem 3.7 (idempotency). The I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators are idempotent. If for all , then

Proof. Since for all , we have , which is associated with the input arguments ; then

Theorem 3.8 (bounded). The I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators are bounded. That is, for any weighting vector and :

Proof. By definitions of I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators and operations of IVIFNs, we can obtain that

Theorem 3.9. If , I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators reduce to I-IIFOWA and I-IIFOWG operators. If , they reduce to IIFWA and IIFWG operators. If there was no any positive or negative preference, , the IIFHA and IIFHG operators are the special cases of I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators.

Proof. Let ; then Let ; then

Theorem 3.10. In the situation of or , interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy geometric operators are better than interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy averaging operators, while in or , interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy averaging operators are better than interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy geometric operators.

Proof. Take the IIFWA and IIFWG operators, for example.
If and , If and , Similarly, this rule is also suitable for IIFOWA, IIFOWG, IIFHA, IIFHG, I-IIFOWA, I-IIFOWG, I-IIFHA, I-IIFHG operators, and so forth.

4. Application in Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Multiple-Attribute Group Decision-Making

For a multiple-attribute group decision-making problem, let be a set of alternatives, and let be a set of criteria. Let be a set of decision makers, and let be the weighting vector of decision makers. In the following, we apply the I-IIFHA and I-IIFHG operators (whose position-weighting vector is to multiple-attribute group decision-making based on interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy information. The approach involves the following steps.

Step 1. Construct the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy evaluation matrix.

, where indicates the degree at wich the alternative satisfies the attribute given by the decision maker, and indicates the degree at which the alternative does not satisfy the attribute .

Step 2. Obtain the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal vector and negative-ideal vector corresponding to each alternative’s attribute by every decision maker.
Let the th decision maker provide the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy positive-ideal vector and the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy negative-ideal vector where

Step 3. Calculate the argument-weighting vector associated with the interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy value by normal distribution method.

Step 4. Construct aggregated weighted interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix : where or , and is the weighting vector associated with interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy value itself.

Step 5. Ensure the TOPSIS order-inducing variables by using of positive-ideal and negative-ideal information provided by each decision maker in Step 2.
First, we calculate the distance between the evaluation information and th decision maker’s preference information. where and can be calculated by the normalized Euclidean distance measure in Definition 2.3.
We can calculate the coefficients of each alternative’s attribute: and we can get coefficients matrix . By ascending order of , we get the ordering induced variables matrix .

Step 6. Utilize the aggregated weighted interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix and I-IIFHA or I-IIFHG operator to derive the th decision maker overall interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy arguments corresponding to each alternative :

Step 7. Utilize the individual overall interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy arguments vector and IIFWA or IIFWG operator to derive the group overall interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy argument vector :

Step 8. Calculate the scores and the accuracy values of the alternative , respectively.

Step 9. Utilize the scores and the accuracy values to rank all the alternatives and then to select the optimal one(s).

5. Applied Example

Here we take the real estate purchase for applied example. There are five candidate houses denoted by that can be evaluated by the IVIFNs with respect to the five attributes: (1): size; (2): price; (3): structure; (4): position; and (5): environment, as listed in Table 1. In the real situation, the DMs may have his/her preference to each attribute. For example, someone may prefer the house close to suburb, while someone may prefer the position of urban area. DMs give their interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy ideal values and negative ideal values corresponding to five attributes shown in Tables 2, 3, and 4. Suppose that the expert-weighting vector is .

tab1
Table 1: Decision matrix with IVIFNs.
tab2
Table 2: Preference decision matrix provided by .
tab3
Table 3: Preference decision matrix provided by .
tab4
Table 4: Preference decision matrix provided by .

Then we can get the alternative’s attribute coefficients matrix , , and as shown in Tables 5, 6, and 7 according to (4.4) and (4.5).

tab5
Table 5: Alternative’s attribute coefficient matrix .
tab6
Table 6: Alternative’s attribute coefficient matrix .
tab7
Table 7: Alternative’s attribute coefficient matrix .

By the normal distribution method, we can determine argument-weighting vector associated with their own values:

There exist and in interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix ; we choose I-IIFHG and IIFWG operators to aggregate each decision information according to Theorem 3.10.

We first get the weighted interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix as shown in Table 8.

tab8
Table 8: Aggregate results .

Step 6. Suppose the position-weighting vector generalized by RIM quantifier. Utilize the aggregated weighted interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy decision matrix and I-IIFHG operator to derive the th decision maker overall interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy arguments corresponding to each alternative .

Step 7. Use the individual overall interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy arguments vector and IIFWG operator to derive the group overall interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy arguments vector :