Table 1: Formulations of sea ice properties and ice porosity from literatures and modified.

Number FormulationReference and origin

1 [26], used for the relation of sea ice tensile strength and brine volume
2 [27], used for the relation of the elastic modulus and the porosity
3 [27], used for the relation of the effect stress and the porosity
4 [28], used for the elastic modulus and the porosity
5 [19], used for the relation of the mechanical indicator and the porosity
6 [29], used for the relation of maximum intensity and the porosity
7 Newly modified form based on references