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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2017, Article ID 5962073, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5962073
Research Article

On a Bivariate Spectral Homotopy Analysis Method for Unsteady Mixed Convection Boundary Layer Flow, Heat, and Mass Transfer due to a Stretching Surface in a Rotating Fluid

University of Swaziland, Private Bag 4, Kwaluseni, Matsapha M201, Swaziland

Correspondence should be addressed to Zodwa G. Makukula; moc.liamg@alukukamzmz

Received 1 February 2017; Accepted 16 April 2017; Published 9 May 2017

Academic Editor: Saeid Abbasbandy

Copyright © 2017 Sandile S. Motsa and Zodwa G. Makukula. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A bivariate spectral homotopy analysis method (BSHAM) is extended to solutions of systems of nonlinear coupled partial differential equations (PDEs). The method has been used successfully to solve a nonlinear PDE and is now tested with systems. The method is based on a new idea of finding solutions that obey a rule of solution expression that is defined in terms of the bivariate Lagrange interpolation polynomials. The BSHAM is used to solve a system of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations modeling the unsteady mixed convection boundary layer flow, heat, and mass transfer due to a stretching surface in a rotating fluid, taking into consideration the effect of buoyancy forces. Convergence of the numerical solutions was monitored using the residual error of the PDEs. The effects of the flow parameters on the local skin-friction coefficient, the Nusselt number, and the Sherwood number were presented in graphs.