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Journal of Automatic Chemistry
Volume 17 (1995), Issue 5, Pages 173-177

The speciation of copper (II)/ethylenediamine/oxalate system by evolving factor analysis

Department of Chemistry, Inner Mongolian University, Inner Mongolia, Huhehot 010021, China

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Principal component analysis and evolving factor analysis were applied to the study of the speciation of Cu (II)/ethylenediamine/ oxalate. Two programs were designed, based on mathematical algorithms. Error functions were calculated for evaluating the number of species. Submatrix analysis plots were constructed to estimate the species present in the system. The method should prove useful in studies of complex systems in environmental samples.