A. Johnson, T. J. Mathews, G. P. Matthews, D. Patel, P. J. Worsfold, K. N. Andrew, "High-resolution laboratory lysimeter for automated sampling of tracers through a 0.5 m soil block", Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry, vol. 25, Article ID 387841, 7 pages, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1155/S1463924603000075
High-resolution laboratory lysimeter for automated sampling of tracers through a 0.5 m soil block
A computer-controlled, automated sample collection from a 0.5-m lysimeter, designed to give superior temporal and spatial resolution for monitoring the movement of chemical tracers through a large undisturbed soil block, is described. The soil block, 0.520.520.5 m, was monitored for saturation using eight time domain reflectometry probes. Rainfall was applied at approximately 1600 ml hm1 using a 12212 array of 23-gauge (0.318 mm internal diameter) hypodermic needles. Soil leachates were collected at the base of the soil block using a machined aluminium collection plate with a 10210 grid of funnels that passed leachates to sample collection palettes. Sample collection was automated using a personal computer equipped with National Instruments LabVIEW software and linked to sensors for palette tracking. The automation of the lysimeter allowed sample collection and storage over a user-defined period with no human interaction. As an example of the use of the automated lysimeter, results show the distribution of phosphate within the soil. The eluted phosphate showed an initial and secondary peak, and only emerged from preferential flow channels.
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