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Journal of Automated Methods and Management in Chemistry
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 516165, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/516165
Review Article

Rapid and Automated Analytical Methods for Redox Species Based on Potentiometric Flow Injection Analysis Using Potential Buffers

1Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu Sangyo University, Fukuoka 813-8503, Japan
2Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

Received 13 October 2010; Revised 20 January 2011; Accepted 7 February 2011

Academic Editor: Ricardo Jorgensen Cassella

Copyright © 2011 Hiroki Ohura and Toshihiko Imato. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Two analytical methods, which prove the utility of a potentiometric flow injection technique for determining various redox species, based on the use of some redox potential buffers, are reviewed. The first is a potentiometric flow injection method in which a redox couple such as Fe(III)-Fe(II), Fe ( C N ) 6 3 -Fe(CN) ( C N ) 6 4 , and bromide-bromine and a redox electrode or a combined platinum-bromide ion selective electrode are used. The analytical principle and advantages of the method are discussed, and several examples of its application are reported. Another example is a highly sensitive potentiometric flow injection method, in which a large transient potential change due to bromine or chlorine as an intermediate, generated during the reaction of the oxidative species with an Fe(III)-Fe(II) potential buffer containing bromide or chloride, is utilized. The analytical principle and details of the proposed method are described, and examples of several applications are described. The determination of trace amounts of hydrazine, based on the detection of a transient change in potential caused by the reaction with a Ce(IV)-Ce(III) potential buffer, is also described.