Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 737013, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/737013
Research Article

An Electrochemical Study of Two Self-Dopable Water-Soluble Aniline Derivatives: Electrochemical Deposition of Copolymers

Electroactive Polymers Department, “P. Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, 41A Gr. Ghica Voda Alley, 700487 Iasi, Romania

Received 28 November 2011; Accepted 19 January 2012

Academic Editor: Miguel de la Guardia

Copyright © 2012 Loredana Vacareanu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. S. Huang, B. D. Humphrey, and A. G. MacDiarmid, “Polyaniline, a novel conducting polymer. Morphology and chemistry of its oxidation and reduction in aqueous electrolytes,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1, vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 2385–2400, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. A. Cotarelo, F. Huerta, C. Quijada, R. Mallavia, and J. L. Vazquez, “Synthesis and characterization of electroactive films deposited from aniline dimers,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 153, no. 7, pp. D114–D122, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. I. Mav and M. Zigon, “Chemical copolymerization of aniline derivatives: preparation of fully substituted PANI,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 119, no. 1–3, pp. 145–146, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Malinauskas and R. Holze, “Deposition and characterisation of self-doped sulphoalkylated polyanilines,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 521–531, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  5. R. Mazeikiene, G. Niaura, and A. Malinauskas, “Voltammetric study of the redox processes of self-doped substituted polyaniline,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 89–94, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Malinauskas, “Self-doped polyanilines,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 126, no. 1-2, pp. 214–220, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. A. Malinauskas and R. Holze, “In situ UV-vis spectroelectrochemical evidence of an EC mechanism in the electrooxidation of N-methyl aniline,” Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für physikalische Chemie, vol. 101, no. 12, pp. 1859–1864, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. A. Malinauskas and R. Holze, “An in situ UV-vis electrochemical investigation of the initial stages in the electrooxidation of selected ring- and substituted nitrogen-alkylsubstituted anilines,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 44, no. 15, pp. 2613–2623, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. C. Barbero, H. J. Salavagione, D. F. Acevedo et al., “Novel synthetic methods to produce functionalized conducting polymers I. Polyanilines,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 49, no. 22-23, pp. 3671–3686, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Y. Hong, Y. M. Jung, S. B. Kim, and S. M. Park, “Electrochemistry of conductive polymers. 34. Two-dimensional correlation analysis of real-time spectroelectrochemical data for aniline polymerization,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 109, no. 9, pp. 3844–3850, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. Mandic, L. Duic, and F. Kovacicek, “The influence of counter-ions on nucleation and growth of electrochemically synthesized polyaniline film,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 1389–1402, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  12. H. Yang and A. J. Bard, “The application of fast scan cyclic voltammetry. Mechanistic study of the initial stage of electropolymerization of aniline in aqueous solutions,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 339, no. 1-2, pp. 423–449, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. M. Genies, M. Lapkowski, and J. F. Penneau, “Cyclic voltammetry of polyaniline: interpretation of the middle peak,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 249, no. 1-2, pp. 97–107, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. M. Genies and M. Lapkowski, “Spectroelectrochemicalevidence for an intermediate in the electropolymerization of aniline,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 236, no. 1-2, pp. 189–197, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. W. Chevalier, J. Y. Bergeron, and L. H. Dao, “Synthesis, characterization, and properties of poly(N-alkylanilines),” Macromolecules, vol. 25, no. 13, pp. 3325–3331, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Benyoucef, S. Boussalem, M. I. Ferrahi, and M. Belbachir, “Electrochemical polymerization and in situ FTIRS study of conducting polymers obtained from o-aminobenzoic with aniline at platinum electrodes,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 160, no. 15-16, pp. 1591–1597, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. M. Zhou, J. J. Xu, H. Y. Chen, and H. Q. Fang, “Ascorbate sensor based on self-doped polyaniline,” Electroanalysis, vol. 9, no. 15, pp. 1185–1188, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Hua and E. Ruckenstein, “Copolymers of aniline and 3-aminophenol derivatives with oligo(oxyethylene) side chains as novel water-soluble conducting polymers,” Macromolecules, vol. 37, no. 16, pp. 6104–6112, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Manisankar, C. Vedhi, G. Selvanathan, and R. M. Somasundaram, “Electrochemical and electrochromic behavior of novel poly(aniline-co-4, 4′-diaminodiphenyl Sulfone),” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1722–1727, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. N. Toshima, H. Yan, Y. Gotoh, and M. Ishiwatari, “Novel preparation of polyaniline film from poly(anthranilic acid) as a precursor,” Chemistry Letters, vol. 12, pp. 2229–2232, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  21. N. Ohno, H. J. Wang, H. Yan, and N. Toshima, “Novel synthesis, characterization, and physical properties of self-doped sulfonated polyaniline by copolymerization between p-aminodiphenylamine and o-aminobenzenesulfonic acid,” Polymer Journal, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 165–171, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. Jin, Y. Zhang, and W. Cheng, “Poly(p-aminobenzene sulfonic acid)-modified glassy carbon electrode for simultaneous detection of dopamine and ascorbic acid,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 528–534, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. A. Salih, “Synthesis, identification and study of electrical conductivity of the doped poly aniline,” Arabian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 155–158, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Sanchis, M. A. Ghanem, H. J. Salavagione, E. Morallon, and P. N. Bartlett, “The oxidation of ascorbate at copolymeric sulfonated poly(aniline) coated on glassy carbon electrodes,” Bioelectrochemistry, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 105–113, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Yue and A. J. Epstein, “Synthesis of self-doped conducting polyaniline,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 112, no. 7, pp. 2800–2801, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. C. Ng, H. S. O. Chan, H. H. Huang, and P. K. H. Ho, “Poly(o-aminobenzylphosphonic acid): a novel water soluble, self-doped functionalized polyaniline,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, no. 13, pp. 1327–1328, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Grigoras, A. M. Catargiu, F. Tudorache, and M. Dobromir, “Chemical synthesis and characterization of self-doped N-propanesulfonic acid polyaniline derivatives,” Iranian Polymer Journal, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 131–141, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. E. Kim, M. Lee, M. H. Lee, and S. B. Rhee, “Liquid crystalline assemblies from self-doped polyanilines,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 69, no. 1-3, pp. 101–104, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. Y. Heras, A. F. F. Giacobone, and F. Battaglini, “Ascorbate amperometric determination using conducting copolymers from aniline and N-(3-propane sulfonic acid)aniline,” Talanta, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 1684–1689, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. Mazeikiene and A. Malinauskas, “Electrochemical preparation and study of novel self-doped polyanilines,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 184–192, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. V. Kertesz, H. Deng, K. G. Asano, R. L. Hettich, and G. J. van Berkel, “N-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine and benzidine oxidation products identified using on-line electrochemistry/electrospray fourier transform mass spectrometry,” Electroanalysis, vol. 14, no. 14, pp. 1027–1030, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. E. Cameron and S. K. Clement, “Electrochemical and chemical studies of aniline coupling with oxidized N-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 269–279, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. A. Cotarelo, F. Huerta, C. Quijada, R. Malavia, and J. L. Vazquez, “Synthesis and characterization of electroactive films deposited from aniline dimmers,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 153, no. 7, pp. D114–D122, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  34. Y. Xu, L. Dai, J. Chen, J.-Y. Gal, and H. Wu, “Synthesis and characterization of aniline and aniline-o-sulfonic acid copolymers,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 2072–2079, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus