Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 102474, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/102474
Research Article

Quantification of Photocyanine in Human Serum by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Its Application in a Pharmacokinetic Study

1State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510060, China
2Department of Clinical Trial Center, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510060, China
3Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510060, China

Received 14 February 2014; Accepted 3 June 2014; Published 24 June 2014

Academic Editor: Xiu-Ping Yan

Copyright © 2014 Bing-Tian Bi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. E. J. G. J. Dolmans, D. Fukumura, and R. K. Jain, “Photodynamic therapy for cancer,” Nature Reviews Cancer, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 380–387, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. C. Wilson, “Photodynamic therapy for cancer: principles,” Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 393–396, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. B. Vrouenraets, G. W. Visser, G. B. Snow, and G. A. van Dongen, “Basic principles, applications in oncology and improved selectivity of photodynamic therapy,” Anticancer Research, vol. 23, no. 1B, pp. 505–522, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. A. Lukyanets, “Phthalocyanines as photosensitizers in the photodynamic therapy of cancer,” Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, vol. 3, no. 6-7, pp. 424–432, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Shirasu, S. O. Nam, and M. Kuroki, “Tumor-targeted photodynamic therapy,” Anticancer Research, vol. 7, pp. 2823–2831, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  6. P. Mroz, A. Pawlak, M. Satti et al., “Functionalized fullerenes mediate photodynamic killing of cancer cells: type I versus type II photochemical mechanism,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 711–719, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Saini and C. Poh, “Photodynamic therapy: a review and its prospective role in the management of oral potentially malignant disorders,” Oral Diseases, vol. 5, pp. 440–451, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. E. O'Connor, W. M. Gallagher, and A. T. Byrne, “Porphyrin and nonporphyrin photosensitizers in oncology: preclinical and clinical advances in photodynamic therapy,” Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 1053–1074, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Yaku, T. Fujimoto, T. Murashima, D. Miyoshi, and N. Sugimoto, “Phthalocyanines: a new class of G-quadruplex-ligands with many potential applications,” Chemical Communications, vol. 48, no. 50, pp. 6203–6216, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. I. Yoon, J. Z. Li, and Y. K. Shim, “Advance in photosensitizers and light delivery for photodynamic therapy,” Clinical Endoscopy, vol. 46, pp. 7–23, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  11. I. N. Skidan, A. I. Bobruskin, A. E. Guliaev et al., “Optimization of “Photosens” pharmakokinetics by biodegradable nanospheres,” Antibiotiki i khimioterapiia, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 6–10, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  12. E. D. Baron, C. L. Malbasa, D. Santo-Domingo et al., “Silicon phthalocyanine (pc 4) photodynamic therapy is a safe modality for cutaneous neoplasms: results of a phase 1 clinical trial,” Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 728–735, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. D. Miller, E. D. Baron, H. Scull et al., “Photodynamic therapy with the phthalocyanine photosensitizer Pc 4: the case experience with preclinical mechanistic and early clinical-translational studies,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 224, no. 3, pp. 290–299, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. G. Love, S. Duk, R. Biolo, G. Jori, and P. W. Taylor, “Liposome-mediated delivery of photosensitizers: localization of zinc (II)-phthalocyanine within implanted tumors after intravenous administration,” Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 656–661, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Huang, N. Chen, E. Liu, J. Xue, and S. Yang, “Preparation of phthalocyanine zinc and its application as anticancer drug,” Chinese Patent, Patent No. ZL96117137.5. State Intellectual Property Office of the People’s Republic of China.
  16. J. Huang, N. Chen, E. Liu, J. Xue, and S. Yang, “Synthesis, peculiarity and anti-tumor potency of the double affinity photosensitizer-zinc phthalocyanine,” Science in China Series B: Chemistry, vol. 30, pp. 481–488, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Huang, N. Chen, E. Liu et al., “Metal phthalocyanine as photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT)—preparation, characterization and anticancer activities of an amphiphilic phthalocyanine ZnPcS2P2,” Science in China, Series B: Chemistry, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 113–122, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Li, F. Jian, J. Zhan, B. Zou, and H. Liao, “Determination of photocyanine in human serum by HPLC and application to pharmacokinetic study,” Journal of Chromatographic Science, pp. 1–7, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. X. Hu, Y. Zheng, G. Wu et al., “Optimization of solid phase extraction clean up and validation of quantitative determination of carbazochrome sodium human plasma by liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography B, vol. 951-952, pp. 1–6, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  20. V. Paiano, E. Fattore, A. Carrà, C. Generoso, R. Fanelli, and R. Bagnati, “Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoic acid in fish fillet samples,” Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry, vol. 1, no. 1, Article ID 719010, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Z. Xie, Q. Liu, Z. Liang et al., “The GC/MS analysis of volatile components extracted by different methods from Exocarpium Citri Grandis,” Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry, vol. 2013, Article ID 918406, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar