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Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Volume 2018, Article ID 5237308, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5237308
Research Article

Improving the Classification Accuracy for Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Chinese Salvia miltiorrhiza Using Local Variable Selection

1Beijing Key Laboratory for Optoelectronic Measurement Technology, Beijing Information Science & Technology University, Beijing 100192, China
2School of Instrumentation Science & Opto-Electronics Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
3Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Lianqing Zhu; moc.anis@gniqnailuhz

Received 2 July 2017; Revised 5 November 2017; Accepted 14 November 2017; Published 29 January 2018

Academic Editor: Ricardo Jorgensen Cassella

Copyright © 2018 Lianqing Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In order to improve the classification accuracy of Chinese Salvia miltiorrhiza using near-infrared spectroscopy, a novel local variable selection strategy is thus proposed. Combining the strengths of the local algorithm and interval partial least squares, the spectra data have firstly been divided into several pairs of classes in sample direction and equidistant subintervals in variable direction. Then, a local classification model has been built, and the most proper spectral region has been selected based on the new evaluation criterion considering both classification error rate and best predictive ability under the leave-one-out cross validation scheme for each pair of classes. Finally, each observation can be assigned to belong to the class according to the statistical analysis of classification results of the local classification model built on selected variables. The performance of the proposed method was demonstrated through near-infrared spectra of cultivated or wild Salvia miltiorrhiza, which are collected from 8 geographical origins in 5 provinces of China. For comparison, soft independent modelling of class analogy and partial least squares discriminant analysis methods are, respectively, employed as the classification model. Experimental results showed that classification performance of the classification model with local variable selection was obvious better than that without variable selection.