Journal of Anesthesiology / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Ultrasound Guided Stellate Ganglion Block in Postmastectomy Pain Syndrome: A Comparison of Ketamine versus Morphine as Adjuvant to Bupivacaine

Table 2

VAS pain values before and after injections in between the three groups values are mean ± SD.

Injection time ( )Group 1Group 2Group 3

Before injection7.8 ± 0.747.6 ± 0.687.8 ± 0.81
After the 1st injection2.7 ± 0.850.8 ± 0.76**2.4 ± 0.75
After the 2nd injection2.0 ± 0.790.9 ± 0.65**2.2 ± 0.71
After the 3rd injection1.9 ± 0.850.5 ± 0.5**2.2 ± 0.52
Two weeks after last injection2.4 ± 0.680.73 ± 0.56**2.60 ± 0.68
One month after last injection2.6 ± 0.670.9 ± 0.7**2.8 ± 0.67
Two months after last injection3.4 ± 1.341.1 ± 0.65**3.0 ± 0.56
Three months after last injection3.7 ± 1.151.2 ± 0.73**3.5 ± 1.05

VAS pain values were significantly less in group 2 compared to groups 1 and 3.

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