Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2011, Article ID 314147, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/314147
Research Article

Adiposity Measures and Menstrual Cycle: Do We Envisage a Relation?

1Faculty of Anthropology, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, India
2Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi 11007, India

Received 2 July 2010; Accepted 27 October 2010

Academic Editor: Benjamin Campbell

Copyright © 2011 Rashmi Sinha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The study aims to see the relationship between menstrual cycle and adiposity measures in Indian populations as menstrual cycle length has an important bearing on fertility and health of women. 415 premenopausal women in the ages 22–50 years residing in Delhi, India constituted the data. The adiposity was assessed by BMI as well as by using Bio-electric impedance method. The information regarding their physical activity pattern and menstrual cycle was recorded, and age at menarche was obtained through recall method. None of the underweight category women had menstrual cycle of less than 25 days. A decrease in body mass index and an increase in the age at menarche were found with the increase in the duration of menstrual cycle. The majority of women with 25–35 days duration of menstrual cycle in the present study were distributed in all the categories of BMI. Age was found to have no effect on longer cycle. The majority of women were in moderately physically active group and experienced menstrual cycle duration of 25–35 days. It is of utmost importance to identify the effects of moderate levels of physical activity, body mass index, and age at menarche on the menstrual cycle to enable the normal reproductive health of women.