Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2012, Article ID 210684, 7 pages
Review Article

“The Meaning of Life” during a Transition from Modernity to Transhumanism and Posthumanity

Department of Political and Economic Studies, University of Helsinki, Unioninkatu 40 A, P.O. Box 24, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

Received 30 September 2011; Accepted 1 January 2012

Academic Editor: Scott M. Fitzpatrick

Copyright © 2012 Sirkku K. Hellsten. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The articles argues that due to the rapid development of new technology the boundaries of life and death, as well as the different phases of our physical, social and spiritual life are getting less clear-cut and evident than they have been before in the Western, traditionally dualistic cultural and historical experience. Thus, at the moment we are in a transitional stage in our understanding of “human life” is gaining new dimensions in form of “post-humanism” and “trans-humanism”. The current neo-holistic view of the universe and the human place in it requires us to consider the “existential risks” and seriously ponder the effects of the technological evolution to our social, cultural, ethical and metaphysical frameworks and normative principles.