- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 262790, 7 pages
The First Probable Case of Leprosy in Southeast Italy (13th-14th Centuries AD, Montecorvino, Puglia)
1Anthropological Service, SBAL, Via Pompeo Magno 2, 00193 Rome, Italy
2Department of Archaeology, Foggia University, Piazza Civitella 2, 71121 Foggia, Italy
Received 21 March 2012; Revised 3 June 2012; Accepted 25 June 2012
Academic Editor: Scott M. Fitzpatrick
Copyright © 2012 Mauro Rubini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- H. Choudhuri, D. M. Thappa, R. H. Kumar, and S. Elangovan, “Bone changes in leprosy patients with disabilities/deformities (A clinico-radiological correlation),” Indian Journal of Leprosy, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 203–215, 1999.
- L. B. Adams, D. M. Scollard, N. A. Ray et al., “The study of Mycobacterium leprae infection in interferon-γ gene-disrupted mice as a model to explore the immunopathologic spectrum of leprosy,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 185, no. 1, supplement, pp. S1–S8, 2002.
- D. A. Hagge, S. O. Robinson, D. Scollard, G. McCormick, and D. L. Williams, “A new model for studying the effects of Mycobacterium leprae on Schwann cell and neuron interactions,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 186, no. 9, pp. 1283–1296, 2002.
- B. K. Mandal, E. G. L. Wilkins, E. M. Dumbar, and R.T. Mayon White, Lecture Notes on Infectious Diseases, Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, 1996.
- E. Nunzi and C. Massone, Note di Leprologia, AIFO, Bologna, Italy, 2009.
- D. Resnick, “Osteomyelitis, septic arthritis,and soft tissue infection: organisms,” in Diagnosis of Bone and Joint Disorders, D. Resnick, Ed., vol. 3, pp. 2510–2624, 4th edition, 2002.
- W. H. Van Brakel, P. G. Nicholls, L. Das et al., “The INFIR Cohort Study: investigating prediction, detection and pathogenesis of neuropathy and reactions in leprosy. Methods and baseline results of a cohort of multibacillary leprosy patients in North India,” Leprosy Review, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 14–34, 2005.
- S. P. W. Kumarasinghe, M. P. Kumarasinghe, and U. T. P. Amarasinghe, ““Tap sign” in tuberculoid and borderline tuberculoid leprosy,” International Journal of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 291–295, 2004.
- K. Manchester, “Tuberculosis and leprosy in antiquity: an interpretation,” Medical History, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 162–173, 1984.
- T. Lietman, T. Porco, and S. Blower, “Leprosy and tuberculosis: the epidemiological consequences of cross-immunity,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 87, no. 12, pp. 1923–1927, 1997.
- S. Mazzi, Salute e Società Durante il Medioevo, La Nuova Editrice, Milan, Italy, 7th edition, 2010.
- C. Rawcliffe, Leprosy in Medieval England, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, UK, 2006.
- A. K. Wilbur, J. E. Buikstra, and C. Stajanowski, “Mycobacterial disease in North America: an epidemiological test of Chaussinand’s cross-immunity hypothesis,” in The Past and Present of Leprosy. Archaeological, Historical, Palaeopathological and Clinical Approaches, C. A. Roberts, M. E. Lewis, and K. Manchester, Eds., British Archaeological Reports International Series 1054, pp. 247–258, Oxford, UK, 2002.
- H. D. Donoghue, A. Marcsik, C. Matheson et al., “Co-infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae in human archaeological samples: a possible explanation for the historical decline of leprosy,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B, vol. 272, no. 1561, pp. 389–394, 2005.
- C. D. Matheson, K. K. Vernon, A. Lahti et al., “Molecular exploration of the first-century tomb of the shroud in Akeldama, Jerusalem,” PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, Article ID e8319, 2009.
- K. Ravindra, T. R. Sugareddy, and T. Ramachander, “Coexistence of borderline tuberculoid hansen's disease with tuberculosis verrucosa cutis in a child—a rare case,” Indian Journal of Leprosy, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 91–93, 2010.
- V. Mariotti, O. Dutour, M. G. Belcastro, F. Facchini, and P. Brasili, “Probable early presence of leprosy in Europe in a Celtic skeleton of the 4th-3rd century BC (Casalecchio di Reno, Bologna, Italy),” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 311–325, 2005.
- M. Rubini, “Disfiguring diseases and society in the 4rth-5th centuries A.D.: the case of Palombara Sabina (Rome, Central Italy),” in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting Archaeological Institute of America, Chicago, Ill, USA, 2008.
- M. Rubini, Y. S. Erdal, M. Spigelman, P. Zaio, and H. D. Donoghue, “Paleopathological and molecular study on two cases of ancient childhood leprosy from the Roman and Byzantine Empires,” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. In press.
- M. G. Belcastro, V. Mariotti, F. Facchini, and O. Dutour, “Leprosy in a skeleton from the 7th century necropolis of Vicenne-Campochiaro (Molise, Italy),” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 431–448, 2005.
- M. Rubini and P. Zaio, “Lepromatous leprosy in an early mediaeval cemetery in Central Italy (Morrione, Campochiaro, Molise, 6th-8th century AD),” Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 2771–2779, 2009.
- G. Fornaciari, F. Mallegni, and P. De Leo, “The leprosy of Henry VII: incarceration or isolation?” Lancet, vol. 353, no. 9154, p. 758, 1999.
- WHO, Global Leprosy Strategy Agreed for 2011–2015, 2011.
- J. E. Buikstra and D. H. Ubelaker, “Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains,” Archaeological Survey Research Series 44, 1994.
- T. W. Phenice, “A newly developed visual method of sexing the os pubis,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 297–301, 1969.
- J. E. Buikstra and J. H. Mielke, “Demography, diet and health,” in The Analysis of Prehistoric Diets, R. I. Gilbert and J.H. Mielke, Eds., pp. 359–422, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1985.
- W. M. Krogman and M. Y. Iscan, The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill, USA, 2nd edition, 1986.
- A. Acsadi and J. Nemeskeri, History of Human Spain Life and Mortality, Akademiai Kiadò, Budapest, Hungary, 1970.
- S. T. Brooks and J. M. Suchey, “Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: a comparison of the Acsadi-Nemeskeri and Suchey-Brooks methods,” Human Evolution, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 227–238, 1990.
- R. S. Meindl and C. O. Lovejoy, “Age changes in the pelvis: implication for paleodemography,” in Age Markers in the Human Skeleton, Y. M. Iscan, Ed., pp. 137–168, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill, USA, 1989.
- R. S. Meindl and C. O. Lovejoy, “Ectocranial suture closure: a revised method for the determination of skeletal age at death based on the lateral-anterior sutures,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 57–66, 1985.
- J. G. Andersen and K. Manchester, “The rhinomaxillary syndrome in leprosy: a clinical, radiological and paleopathological study,” International Journal of Osteoarchaelogy, vol. 2, pp. 121–129, 1992.
- C. A. Roberts and K. Manchester, The Archaeology of Disease, Sutton Publishing, Gloucester, UK, 3rd edition, 2005.
- D. J. Ortner, Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 2003.
- S. L. Robbins and R. S. Cotran, Pathologic Basis of Disease, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2002.
- J. Rogers and T. Waldron, “Infections in palaeopathology: the basis of classification according to most probable cause,” Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 611–625, 1989.
- V. Møller-Christensen, “Evidence of leprosy in earlier people,” in Disease in Antiquity. A Survey of Diseases, Injuries and Surgery, D. Brothwell and A. T. Sandison, Eds., pp. 295–306, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill, USA, 1967.
- P. Ruoppi, A. Dietz, E. Nikanne, J. Seppä, H. Markkanen, and J. Nuutinen, “Paranasal sinus mucormycosis: a report of two cases,” Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol. 121, no. 8, pp. 948–952, 2001.
- B. Rothschild, V. Naples, and L. Barbian, “Bone manifestations of actinomycosis,” Annals of Diagnostic Pathology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 24–27, 2006.
- V. Møller-Christensen, “Storia della sifilide e della lebbra—Il punto di vista osteo-archeologico,” Abbotempo, vol. 1, pp. 20–25, 1969.
- K. Manchester, “Infective bone changes in leprosy,” in “The Past and Present of Leprosy. Archaeological, Historical, Paleopathological and Clinical Approaches, C. A. Roberts, M. E. Lewis, and K. Manchester, Eds., BAR International Series 1054, pp. 69–72, Oxford, UK, 2002.
- W. E. Bullock, “Mycobacterium leprae (leprosy),” in Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, G. L. Mandell, R. G. Douglas, and J. E. Bennett, Eds., pp. 1906–1914, Churchill Livingston, New York, NY, USA, 1990.
- D. M. Thappa, V. K. Sharma, S. Kaur, and S. Suri, “Radiological changes in hands and feet in disabled leprosy patients: a clinico-radiological correlation,” Indian Journal of Leprosy, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 58–66, 1992.
- C.A. Roberts, “The antiquity of leprosy in Britain: the skeletal evidence,” in The Past and Present of Leprosy. Archaeological, Historical, Palaeopathological and Clinical Approaches, C. A. Roberts, M. E. Lewis, and K. Manchester, Eds., British Archaeological Reports International Series 1054, pp. 213–222, Oxford, UK, 2002.
- M. Rubini, “Salute e società durante il medioevo a Tusculum,” in Lazio e Sabina, G. Ghini, Ed., vol. 4, pp. 157–160, De Luca Editore, Rome, Italy, 2007.
- M. Monot, N. Honoré, T. Garnier et al., “On the origin of leprosy,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5724, pp. 1040–1042, 2005.
- L. L. Cavalli-Sforza, P. Menozzi, and A. Piazza, Storia e Geografia dei Geni Umani, Adelphi, Milan, Italy, 2nd edition, 2005.
- R. Stark, Gli Eserciti di Dio. Le Vere Ragioni Delle Crociate, Lindau Press, Turin, Italy, 2010.