Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2013, Article ID 308212, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/308212
Research Article

Analysis of Facial Height between Prepubertal and Postpubertal Subjects in Rivers State, Nigeria

1Department of Human Anatomy, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Received 27 March 2013; Revised 31 May 2013; Accepted 2 June 2013

Academic Editor: Kaushik Bose

Copyright © 2013 B. O. Akinbami and Mark Ikpeama. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Appropriate craniofacial growth is vital both for aesthesis and normal growth of the brain. Cranial indices and facial heights are relevant parameters that are useful for anthropometric analyses of the growth of the entire craniofacial skeletal complex. The aim of this study was to determine differences in facial heights between prepubertal and postpubertal subjects. Method. The study consists of four hundred subjects, two hundred males and two hundred females who were selected at random on the ages ranging 12–16 and 17–25 years and were categorized into prepubertal and postpubertal. The facial parameters that were measured were upper facial height, lower facial height, and posterior facial height. Result. There was no significant difference found in the upper facial height between prepubertal and postpubertal females ( ). Conclusion. This study has shown that facial parameters are sexually dimorphic between male and female subjects and that male facial dimension was significantly higher than that of females. Also, it has been established that prepubertal subjects had higher facial dimension compared to corresponding postpubertal subjects.