Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 937898, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/937898
Research Article

An Ethnographic Study of Diabetes: Implications for the Application of Patient Centred Care in Cameroon

1Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Arts, Letters and Social Sciences, University of Yaounde I, P.O. Box 755, Yaounde, Cameroon
2Centre for Population Studies and Health Promotion, P.O. Box 7535, Yaounde, Cameroon

Received 31 March 2014; Revised 16 June 2014; Accepted 6 August 2014; Published 26 August 2014

Academic Editor: Benjamin Campbell

Copyright © 2014 Paschal Kum Awah. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Participant observation was conducted to explore the understanding of diabetes and examine the implications of these understandings for providing effective patient centered care in Cameroon. Ethnographic techniques—content and thematic analysis—were used to analyze the data collected from diverse techniques. Most participants distinguished “natural,” “supernatural,” and “man-made” causes of diabetes. Such aetiologies guided the behaviour and approaches adopted for treatment and helped explain why biomedical and traditional healing frameworks could so readily be used in tandem. Clinical encounters are often only one small part of the diabetes care process, alongside recourse to traditional medicine. With rituals, agents causing diabetes are apparently more convincingly explained as powerful reinforcement and a cure promised in traditional medicine. Though it seems “irrational” and dangerous to clinics when patients alternate between therapeutic regimes or pursue both simultaneously, it seems perfectly rational and beneficial to patients and beyond. So long as biomedical practitioners fail to recognize that their patients will probably also have recourse to traditional medicine, they and their services may compound the problems they face for patients to discuss openly how they have been managing their condition.