Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2016, Article ID 5463168, 6 pages
Research Article

Biological and Social Determinants of Fertility Behaviour among the Jat Women of Haryana State, India

Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India

Received 6 July 2016; Revised 18 October 2016; Accepted 23 October 2016

Academic Editor: Santos Alonso

Copyright © 2016 Ketaki Chandiok et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Fertility is a way through which human beings biologically replace themselves in order to continue their existence on earth. The present paper therefore attempts to study the factors affecting fertility among the Jat women of Haryana state. A household survey was conducted in 15 villages of Palwal district in which the concentration of Jats was found to be highest and 1014 ever married women were interviewed. Age at marriage, present age, education status, family type, and preference for male child were the most important factors that affected fertility in the studied population. Age at menarche, age at first conception, occupation status, use of birth control measures, and household per capita annual income did not affect the fertility in the studied population.