Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2017, Article ID 4387125, 13 pages
Research Article

Shifting from Village-Based Networks to Locally Generated Networks: Undocumented Mexican Agricultural Workers Who Use/Used Hard Drugs

School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Keith V. Bletzer; ude.usa@reztelb.htiek

Received 26 July 2016; Accepted 1 February 2017; Published 28 February 2017

Academic Editor: Kaushik Bose

Copyright © 2017 Keith V. Bletzer. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hardships that face transmigrants working in agriculture include the potential for drug use. Reliant on village-based networks that facilitate border crossing and developing a plan for a destination within this country, transmigrants who try new drugs/alcohol and/or continue on accustomed drugs/alcohol are facilitated in these endeavors through locally generated networks as alternative forms of access and support. Seven cases of undocumented men from Mexico are reviewed to show how use of illicit drugs is minimally affected by economic success and time in the United States, or village-based networks that first facilitated entry into this country. Prior conditions, especially childhood difficulties and search for socioeconomic autonomy, precipitate new and/or continuing drug use within the United States on this side of the border, where both forms of drug use are facilitated by locally generated networks.