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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2010, Article ID 124246, 12 pages
Research Article

Assessing the Health Needs of Chinese Older Adults: Findings from a Community-Based Participatory Research Study in Chicago's Chinatown

1Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, 1645 West Jackson Boulevard, Suite 675, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
2Chinese American Service League, Chicago, IL 60616, USA
3Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA

Received 18 August 2010; Revised 24 October 2010; Accepted 1 December 2010

Academic Editor: Kee Lee Chou

Copyright © 2010 XinQi Dong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The objective of this study is to examine the cultural views of healthy aging, knowledge and barriers to services, and perception of health sciences research among community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Chicago's Chinatown. This qualitative study is guided by the Precede-Proceed conceptual model with community-based participatory research design. Data analysis is based on eight focus group interviews with Chinese older (age ) adults ( ). We used a grounded theory framework to systematically guide the thematic structure of our data. Findings show participants described cultural conception of health in terms of physical function, psychological well-being, social support, and cognitive function. The availability, affordability, and cultural barriers towards health care services were major negative enabling factors that inhibit participants from fulfilling health needs. Perception and knowledge of health sciences research were also discussed. This study has implications for the delivery of culturally appropriate health care services to the Chinese aging population.